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How To Read Your Paternity DNA Test Results

Aug 18, 2019 | Paternity

understanding paternity test results

How to Read Your Paternity Test Results

DNA Diagnostics Center (DDC) is the world leader in DNA Paternity Testing, performing over one million paternity tests each year. Each test is processed at our state-of-the art facility outside Cincinnati, providing online results as soon as 24 to 48 hours after the samples arrive at our lab. This detailed paternity test report contains scientific as well as legal terms to describe our highly precise process and your results. Here’s a breakdown of the different sections in the report, and what they mean for you and your family.

DDC Paternity Test Results Report Overview

Your DDC paternity test results report contains the following main sections, with each displaying important information.

  • Genetic System Table (Locus/Allele Sizes chart)
  • Combined Paternity Index
  • Probability of Paternity
  • Test Conclusions

Paternity Test Results: Genetic System Table

DDC’s laboratory tests at least 20 different locations on your DNA, as listed in the “locus” column, and compares them with the same locations on the other tested parties. Each child inherits one copy of this DNA segment from the mother, and one copy from the father. These DNA segments are called “alleles”. Our proprietary technology determines the length of each participants alleles and compares them with the lengths of the alleged father’s alleles to determine the number of matches. If the mother participates, the mother’s alleles will also be compared. In the example below, the child shown has two sets of alleles at each location tested, and you can see that at least one of these matches with the alleged father’s alleles.
understanding paternity test results
Note: Colored markings are for illustrative purposes only and are not included on actual reports.
Using statistics, the Paternity Index (listed as PI in the table in the upper left) indicates the strength of the match at each Locus (DNA location). In most cases, at least one of the child’s alleles at each location must match one of the father’s at that location. In addition, the DNA location that shows a participant’s sex (male or female), called the Amelogenin locus, is also tested. This is listed at the bottom of the table. One X means female, while one X and one Y means male. Sometimes additional locations on your DNA must be tested to strengthen the results – for example, when two possible fathers are relatives. In this case, those are also listed. When a child has two alleles that are the same size, it will show as just one number on the table. For example, in the first locus in this example, the child received a “16” from both parents.

Paternity Test Results: Combined Paternity Index

The Combined Paternity Index is the number on the lower left side of the report (in the Interpretation section), directly under the Genetic System Table. If you are considered the biological father, there is a number listed for the Combined Paternity Index. If you are not considered the biological father, the report shows “0.” The Combined Paternity Index is an odds ratio indicating how many times more likely it is that the possible father is the biological father than a randomly-selected unrelated man with a similar ethnic background. In the example shown above, this man is 533,475 times more likely to be the biological father. This number varies on a case by case basis. The higher this number, the stronger the results.


Paternity Test Results: Test Conclusions

The report also shows one of two conclusions: “is not excluded as the biological father” or “is excluded as the biological father.”

  • If the conclusion states, “is not excluded as the biological father,” this means the possible father most likely IS the biological father of the child, since all data gathered from the test supports a relationship of paternity.
  • If the conclusion states, “is excluded as the biological father,” this means the possible father IS NOT the biological father of the child, since all data gathered from the test do not support a relationship of paternity.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: My test shows a mismatch in one location between the possible father and the child, yet the probability of paternity is over 99%. How can this happen?
A: Chances are good that there was a mutation in either the child’s or the possible father’s genetic code at that location. Analysts take mutations into account when doing their calculations and reaching conclusions. So even if there is a mismatch, the man might still be considered the biological father of the child tested.
Q: Can your paternity test results be wrong?
A: DDC processes every sample twice, by a separate team of technicians, to eliminate the possibility of human error for extremely accurate results. If your results say that the alleged father is “excluded”, this means there is zero probability that the person is the biological father, based on the DNA analysis. If your results say that the father is “not excluded”, this means that there is almost 100% probability that the person is the biological father – in the example above, a 99.9998% probability. However, if two possible fathers are close relatives, such as brothers, they share much of the same DNA. It is important to let us know if two possible fathers are relatives. We can do additional testing to increase accuracy in this situation.
Q: Why aren’t there names on my paternity test report?
A: When doing an at-home test, there are no names on the report, only an identifying number for each set of samples and their role in the test (alleged father, child, or mother). We do this because we cannot verify whether a sample submitted to us belongs to the person indicated by the customer. However, if you choose to do a legal, witnessed, chain-of-custody paternity test with court-admissible results, then the report includes both names and our company branding. For both at-home and legal testing, the testing process itself is exactly the same, and you can be sure results are guaranteed accurate for the samples provided to us.
Q: Can the Probability of Paternity ever be 100%?
A: No. DNA test results are all based on statistics. Quite simply, in order to get a 100% probability, we’d have to test every man in the world with a similar ethnic background to the alleged father being tested. And for obvious reasons, that’s not possible!

About DNA Diagnostics Center (DDC)

DNA Diagnostic Center is the world leader in paternity and relationship testing. We serve healthcare professional, government agencies, and individuals around the world to determine family relationships with trusted accuracy.
More Questions? Don’t hesitate to call us at 800-929-0847. We’re here to help. Note: If you have performed a Non-Invasive Prenatal Paternity Test, a paternity test conducted during pregnancy, your results will contain different information. For help understanding a prenatal report, or to order a Prenatal Paternity Test, please contact our prenatal testing specialists at 1-800-929-0847 (M-F, 8 am to 5 pm Eastern).

 If you have a general question about the info above, leave a comment and we’ll answer.

625 Comments

  1. Trice

    Hey got the invasive prenatal paternity test done. I got my results but no chart.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Trice. The prenatal paternity test is different from a postnatal test: For a prenatal test, approximately 2,698 genetic markers are compared, whereas with a postnatal test, comparison of 16 markers are generally all that’s needed for conclusive results. It would be impractical to list data for nearly 3,000 markers on a report, so we give the conclusion only. Hope this helps!

      Reply
      • Matt

        Heya i recently done a home paternity test with ddc . Results 99.9998% and index is : 947,710
        There was 3 of us that done the test “Mother , Child , alleged father. It says one possible mutation was observed ? Just didn’t get mutation ? But the mutation was included in the calculation of 99.9998 % . Does this mean I’m the child’s father from results as Shown above ? Even tho it says there was a possible mutation ? Also from the results as shown with one mutation mean there can be another alleged father ? even tho the index and percentage is high ?

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Matt. Based on your results, you are considered the biological father of the child with a 99.9998% probability, and there’s a 947,710 to 1 chance that someone else who’s unrelated to you but with the same racial background could be the father instead. Had you done a legal test with court-admissible results, your report would be considered proof of paternity. The possible mutation you mention was taken into account by our analysts as they calculated your results, so it’s nothing to worry about at all. That statement is just for your information and it doesn’t mean there can be another alleged father.

          Reply
          • Lori

            Had a 46 marker test done on blood relative brother ( same father mother) with alledged son. 5 of the markets came back as n/a. Yet the test came back as the brother was the father and not the deceased. What do the n/a markets mean ?

          • DDC

            Hi, Lori. I asked one of our PhDs on your behalf, and they’ve never heard of any markers showing as n/a. Sorry!

          • Erica

            What does it mean likelihood they share the same father is 19-1 combined sibling index, 19

          • DDC

            Hi, Erica. Without seeing the report and data, I can’t elaborate on this more than you already have.

      • Jeane

        Hi DDC I would like to ask in our case the two father’s are relatives we did blood test not a DNA test so my son is not the father of the child can it happen with a blood test because I strongly believe it is my son’s child

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Jeane. DNA testing is the only sure way of determining paternity.

          Reply
          • Shawn

            Hi, I had a Half-Siblingship DNA test done by DDC at a facility in California. Unable to fully understand the results, I’m reaching out for a little clarity. The Half-Siblingship results read, combined sibling ship index 25, probability of Half-siblingship 96.2 percent and likelihood we share a father is 25 to 1. I’m not sure what the ratio means 25 to 1 and after reading some of the messages here a 99 percent or higher is recommended. So is this my half brother with a percentage of 96.2 percent. Also my Mother his Mother and our alleged Father are all deceased no test was done on them.

          • DDC

            Hi, Shawn. It is extremely rare to get a 99% or higher for a half-sibling test. 96.2% is considered conclusive that you are half-siblings. As for the other verbiage, it can be read this way: The odds are 25:1 that an untested, unrelated man with the same racial background is the father.

          • Ash

            Can a potential father take a child to get tested at a lab without the permission of the biological mother?

            Can the mother get the results in a case like this?

          • DDC

            Hi, Ash. Whether it’s an at-home test or a legal test, the responsibility is on the testing adult to ensure the legal guardian of a minor child has provided consent. For legal tests where chain of custody is maintained and DNA collection is witnessed, the lab must have proof that the legal parent consents to testing. If the proper documentation for the child isn’t provided, testing cannot take place. Because all these safeguards are in place, for legal tests, the mother can request a copy of the results. For at-home tests where DNA is collected by the parties themselves at home, the lab has no way of verifying whether the DNA submitted for testing actually belongs to the names provided by the tested parties. In other words, there is no way to know if the possible father actually submitted the child’s DNA or his friend’s. Therefore, the mother cannot petition to see results. This is one of the main reasons why reports for at-home tests are not court admissible.

          • Denise

            Good day I did a DNA test on my baby with my ex boyfriend but I boyfriend don’t know but the results came back 99.99999998 % not excluded but my son looks nothing alike he is the spilting image of my boyfriend how is that possible that my ex is a possibility

          • DDC

            Hi, Denise. Physical characteristics are never a determination of paternity and whether or not someone “looks” like a parent is often subjective. Only DNA can give a sure answer, and from what you said it appears that the man tested was given a very conclusive inclusion for paternity. If you used an accredited lab, you can trust that result to be accurate.

        • Ladaesha

          My daughter and her alleged father did a DNA test all the same numbers but at the bottom it says there is a zero possibility that he is the father then why did the numbers match?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Ladaesha. Without seeing the data and where you think the matches are, I really can’t provide an answer. I suggest you contact the lab where you tested.

          • Curtis

            Hey did you ever get the answer to your question?

        • CASSANDRA

          IF THE PI VALUE IS 0.00 FOR SEVERAL THEN WE CAN AUTOMATICALLY RULE OUT HE IS NOT THE FATHER.

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Cassandra. As a general rule, I would say that is usually a correct conclusion to make, but without seeing your physical report, I cannot confirm that it is true in your case.

          • Maria

            Hello my daughter me and the alleged father did a dna test and came out to be 99.98% and stated can not be excluded what does it mean that is the biological father

          • DDC

            Yes, that means he is considered the biological father with a 99.98% probability of paternity.

          • Savannah

            Hi, I recently had a DNA test done on my son Kysen, & I had 2 men tested to see if they were the father. It came back that brendan, one of the men tested was 99.5%. I was also with Brendan’s half brother Matthew. So does that mean that Brendan’s the father or is their a possibility that Matthew could be kysens father?

          • DDC

            Hi, Savannah. Were the other men who were tested excluded, I presume? And is there a reason why Matthew didn’t also test? Matthew should also test, and be sure to tell the lab ahead of time about his relationship with Brendan and the results of Brendan’s test.

      • Dragon

        How come siblings % is different when they have the same parents?
        98.9999998
        99.9999999

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Dragon. Siblings only share 50% of the same DNA, unless they’re identical twins, and so the strength at the data is going to be different for each sibling. Siblings inherit all their DNA from their parents, but siblings don’t inherit the exact same DNA from each. That’s what makes siblings unique!

          Reply
          • Lou

            Hay my sons dna results say greater than 1,000,000,000,000 if alleged is the father…. What does this mean? because probability of paternity is 99.9999% why does it say if alleged the father wouldn’t it say he is the dad

          • DDC

            Hi, Lou. Paternity is determined using genetic data from the general population and is derived using statistics. This is why we can never give a 100% probability of paternity; to do so, we’d have to include all the men in the world with the same racial background as the man tested. The 1,000,000,000,000 number you give is the combined paternity index. It could be read this way: There is a 1 in 1,000,000,000,000 chance that the biological father is an unrelated man who was not tested. You can rest assured that the man tested is considered the biological father of the child with a 99.9999% probability…that’s as conclusive as it gets!

        • Rick

          If my home dna test has names of partcipants. On results is it fake

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Rick. Although we do not put names on our at-home reports since identifies of participants have not been independently verified, there may be other companies who do. So I cannot confirm that the report you have is fake. If you’d like to post it for us to look at privately, contact us via Messenger on our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/DDCPaternity

      • Michelle

        I have a question how long saliva stay on a Q-tip and I read up on it expired in 28 months is that true

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Michelle. The material collected for testing is actually cheek cells scraped from the inside of the cheek, rather than saliva. If kept in a breathable paper container in a cool, dry place, such a sample is viable for testing for about 6 months.

          Reply
    • krischen

      Hii can you help me please what means reliability of paternity greater than 99.99% and he is not father . thanks

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Krischen. Can you please clarify? Were you given a 99.99% probability of paternity yet the conclusion says he is not the father?

        Reply
        • SHERRIE

          MY TEST CAME BACK 97. PROBABILITY OF THE FATHER IS HE’S THE FATHER OR NOT?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Sherrie. As high as that probability is, it’s not considered conclusive. With today’s technology, a good accredited lab should be able to test enough genetic markers to provide either a 99% or higher probability of paternity (if the man is considered the biological father of the child tested) or 0% (if he’s not considered the biological father of the child tested). You may want to call the lab where you did your testing and ask some questions.

        • Amanda

          Just got results and it says 0% chance that my brother in law is the father. The girl swears he is and is wanting another test done tomorrow. We paid for overnight shipping $90. Same day results so we are at about $300 for this paternity test. Is there anyway your results are wrong?

          Reply
          • Amanda

            FYI the baby was not quite a week old when he did the test

          • DDC

            Hi, Amanda. The age of the baby doesn’t affect test results. You didn’t mention if your brother-in-law did a home test or a legal (witnessed) test with court-admissible results, so I’m going to assume you mean a home test. You also didn’t mention whether we did the testing or not, so I’ll assume we did. You can be sure the results are accurate for the samples we were provided. Every test is run twice, each by a separate team, to ensure accuracy once samples arrive at our lab. What we don’t have control over is the DNA collection process. For example, we have no way of knowing if the alleged father really swabbed himself or used someone else’s DNA instead in order to commit fraud. If you’re absolutely sure he submitted his DNA and the baby’s, then there is no question that he’s not the biological father. If you want to do a legal chain-of-custody test just to put the issue to rest once and for all, then that’s an option.

        • Dee

          What does it mean when it says 99.999992 why is is 2 instead of 8 or 9?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Dee. That is not a cause for concern, nor does it mean that the person tested is any “less” related that if it had been an 8 or 9. Probability of paternity is determined using statistical calculations and that tiny number at the end can vary depending on the strength of the data.

      • krischen

        hii they send me so the tests involved taking buccal swabs from each person .l have ensured a clear and verifiable strict chain of custody of each sample provided These tests produce a reliability of paternity of greater than 99.99% and under Results Shane is not father Kate.l dont undertand this is possitive or negative results thanks

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Krischen. If the probability given on your paternity test is 99% or higher, then the man tested is considered the biological father; however, due to accreditation requirements, the language that is used on the report is “not excluded,” and perhaps that’s why you’re confused. It’s a different way of saying it, but it also means that he is considered the father.

          Reply
          • sheliia

            I have concerns I was not present when my son swap the baby and himself in the mom but when I was given the packet it was very wet my question can you tell if the mom swap the baby and use the same swab to swab the dad to ensure that they match

          • DDC

            Hi, Sheliia. Yes, we can tell if swabs that are supposed to be for different people actually have the same DNA.

          • Ontario

            Hi I have a question, when done a home paternity test, why don’t you put names of alleged father and child? How does the alleged father know if the result are his or not?

          • DDC

            Hi, Ontario. The samples are all tracked by bar code, so you can be sure the results are for the people who contributed DNA to the test. We don’t put names on at-home tests because the identities of test participants have not been independently verfied. However, our reports for legal tests do have names since DNA collection is witnessed and chain of custody is maintained.

      • Renne

        I took a dna test for a child my son supposed to had father.. my son refused to take the test.. I don’t understand it.. the test came back and stated most likely he’s not .. 20% is what i shared with the child can you please explain that to me..

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Renne. Without having your report in front of me, I can’t comment on specifics. But from what you’ve said, it appears your test result says you are not the biological grandparent of the child; in other words, your son is not the father.

          Reply
    • Heather

      My Fiance had one if this friends with benefits relationship several years ago with this woman but she was also sleeping with his nephew as well at the same time. After 6 years we receive papers claiming my fiance is the father of her 2 youngest boys. Je did the DNA test and it came back that hes is not excluded as the father. But seeing how his nephew was sleeping with her 2 could they have close enough DNA and my fiance really isn’t the father? His nephew was never tested.

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Heather. An uncle and nephew share 25% of the same DNA. When two possible fathers share a relationship this close, both parties should be tested and the lab should be informed ahead of time of the biological relationship between the two men being tested. If possible, the mother of the children should also include her DNA.

        Reply
      • Victoria

        Hi my tests show the probability of half siblingship is 99.999% can you explain please what it means thx

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Victoria. It means you received a conclusive result for your relationship test. You are half siblings with a 99.999% probability, which is extremely high.

          Reply
          • Melissa

            My half siblingship is 98.9% positive that we have the same father. Is that a good percentage? I keep seeing over and over that it should be 99.%

          • DDC

            99% or higher is generally only seen in paternity tests or grandparent tests where the mother’s included. A 98.9% probability of relationship is very conclusive for a half-sibling test.

    • Makhitshini

      I conducted DNA test on two different laboratories for the same child, the results came back positive but the CPI is not the same.what might be the reason?

      Reply
      • DDC

        Without your tests in front of me, it’s hard to give a sure answer. It may be possible some of the information provided by test participants, such as ethnic background, may have been slightly different.

        Reply
      • Melissa

        I added up the numbers and they are child 562.8 and alleged father 504.3 the paper says combined paternity index 0. When researching to figure out if the test was wrong they have 12 out of 21 markers the same. Please help explain this to me.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Melissa. Because we are human beings sharing 99.9% of the same DNA, there are always going to be a number of matches in a paternity test between a child and a possible father. But what’s most important in determining a biological relationship is that ALL of the markers match (with the possible exception of 1 or 2 mutations). In this case, there are 9 markers that don’t match. Anytime a PI of 0 is determined at one or more of the tested loci, it voids all other data and a result of exclusion is given.

          Reply
          • Kristen

            My test came back 99.9% so that means he is the father?

          • DDC

            Yes, an inclusion means he is considered the biological father.

    • Tere

      If there was something wrong with the childs blood type at birth could that have an effect on the results causing them to say negative

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Tere. I’m not sure what you mean by something wrong with the blood type at birth. The only thing that might affect a DNA test is if the child had a recent blood transfusion.

        Reply
        • Xoliswa

          Hi I did DNA test with the company called DNA test they said they working with you I want to knowbhow long does it takes to get the results from you m in South Africa

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Xoliswa. We perform the testing only. How soon you get results is between you and our corporate partner, so you’ll need to ask them that question.

          • Maya

            Hi, i did a prenatal paternity test, a month ago and i got result 0,00 (father is excluded). I just want to know does it mean that person is not father 100% and can i be sure that the result is correct? Thanks

          • DDC

            Hi, Maya. Yes, that result means that the man tested is not considered the biological father. You can be sure the report is correct for the samples we were provided to test.

        • S

          My husband just did a dna test that came back saying he is 99% the father but his first cousin also slept with the same girl. Can the dna test be wrong if there is another blood relative who can be the possible father?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, S. In order to affect a paternity test, it would have to be a closer biological relationship (first degree), such as father or brother. Cousins only share 12.5% of the same DNA, generally. Your husband is not excluded as the biological father, with the probability percentage he was provided.

    • Aisha

      The alleged father did a home test for our daughter with your company. I was not present, however, the alleged father gave me a printout and results were 0% . I saw no ddc logo on the printout. Is there supposed to be a logo in result or printout?

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Aisha. For an at-home test report, no.

        Reply
    • Kayla

      Hi my husband had sex with his step sister and she claims he’s the father of her daughter but she doesn’t look like him. I told him to take a DNA test and they took a at home DNA test & said the results came back and said “Y” which he thinks stands for yes & he also said that the link says it expires in 20 days. Does that mean he’s the father because I thought DNA test says “99.99999%” if yu are the father

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Kayla. A “Y” is not a conclusion for paternity testing. I’m guessing he is looking at the data in his column that shows the Y chromosome. The conclusion should be underneath the table of data.

        Reply
    • Kami

      My dude did a test on his son without his mom and the results was 76% how likely is that his child
      Thank u

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Kami. With today’s technology, there is no reason why a paternity test shouldn’t return a 99.9% probability for an inclusion. 76% probability of paternity is considered inconclusive, so it’s impossible to say whether he might be the father or not. He should test again and make sure it’s with an accredited and reputable laboratory.

        Reply
  2. Yherith

    Yo me hice una prueba a la 8 semana de gestación y salio excliyente este resultado lo puedo considerar sin margen de error

    Reply
    • DDC

      Gracias, Yherith. Buena suerte con tu hermoso bebé.

      Reply
  3. Yherith

    Una pregunta me hice una prueba a las 8 semanas salio excluyente ese resultado lo puedo considerar que no hay margen de error

    Reply
    • DDC

      Oh ya veo. Lo siento! Nuestros procesos de prueba de ADN son confiables y seguros y garantizamos resultados. Puede estar seguro de que los resultados son precisos para las muestras de ADN que nos dieron.

      Reply
  4. Hannah

    Do you send anything (receipt, info, etc) to the billing address?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Hannah. What an excellent question! Nothing is sent to the billing address unless the customer requests it. Most often they request a hard-copy of their results, but that’s the only time.

      Reply
      • Hannah

        Would you send the hard copies to the shipping address or the billing address?

        Reply
        • DDC

          We would send a hard copy to the address requested by the customer: it could be either billing or shipping.

          Reply
          • Alex

            Mine was 96% and says I’m the father. But we are doing blood for me to be on the birth certificate..am I looking at any suprises? Is there any possible way for blood to be negative but swabbing be positive? I just wanna know what I’m walking into without beening crushed. >

          • DDC

            Hi, Alex. DNA is DNA, and there’s no difference between a blood sample and a cheek-swab sample. If you recently had a paternity test done, I’m surprised you were given a 96% probability of paternity. With today’s technology, additional markers can be tested and/or the mother’s DNA can be added to the test to reach at 99.9% probability if you are the biological father.

    • Natalie

      Hi , so I did prenatal paternity test when I was close to 11 weeks and it came out my bf was excluded with 8 mismatches , however they rerun it again and I was told that out of 8 mismatches 4 matched and the other 4 seem to be matching too , so I was told to do another blood draw and I told I can ask another guy to send his chick swab and the lab said they don’t need it but will run my boyfriends and after I received a letter that my boyfriend was the father with the probability higher than 99.0% so I don’t know or can I trust this lab now , besides that on a letter wasn’t shown the alleys that matched just written his the father , and the answer how come that first time it was excluded they said it’s because there was not enough fetal DNA signal or too weak so now I’m concerned can I trust the final results ?

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Natalie. Our lab doesn’t analyze prenatal tests the way you describe and so we’re not sure how the lab you used came up with its findings. If you have any doubts about the results from that lab, then it would probably be wise to do a postnatal test once the baby’s born.

        Reply
  5. Summer

    Will a guy get the results to an in office dna test if he is found not to be the father? Who get the test results? Do the guy recieve results only if he is found to be the father or does he receive results if he is not the father as well? How low does results take?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Summer. Test results are posted to a secure online account that is set up by the customer. If you participated in a legal, witnessed DNA test and do not have access to the login information, you still have a right to see the results. You just need to call us. Once samples have arrived at the lab, results are posted in 1-2 business days. If you have more questions, feel free to contact us directly at 800-681-7162.

      Reply
  6. karla

    If the test was done in a lab who gets the results and how ? How can you tell the difference between doing a home test DNA and going into the clinic test results ? If you go to a clinic would the names of the people tested be on the test results ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Karla. All DDC testing is done right here at our full-accredited on-site lab. I’ll be happy to address each of your questions:
      (1) Results for an at-home test are posted to a secure online account, with the username and password being set up by the decision-maker on the test (usually the person who pays for it). Results are never given over the phone, but a hard-copy of the results can be mailed for a small extra fee. If the test is a legal witnessed one, the process for obtaining results is exactly the same, if it was paid for by a customer. If it was paid for by the courts, results go to the court.
      (2) and (3) The difference on the results report between an at-home test and a legal test (where DNA collection and submission to the lab is supervised at an approved facility, such as a clinic, or by an approved party) is that the at-home report does not have names but the legal report does have names. The reason we don’t put names on at-home tests is that we have no way of being sure that the DNA samples submitted actually belong to who test participants say they do. So instead, we assign numbers to identify the samples. Now, when the test is witnessed, IDs for participants are verified and the DNA collector handles all the samples, from collection to mailing, so we can be sure samples are from the correct people listed on the test.
      I hope this helps. If you have any other questions, feel free to reach out again!

      Reply
      • Gloria

        We are having two results from the same lab conducted on different days. Separate months. The first analysis says excluded ans not the recent says 99.9999 is that even possible. Because I believe if there’s uncertainty they should request new blood sample to be certain or something… I don’t understand. What must we do

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Gloria. No, that’s not possible. If the same people’s DNA was submitted for both tests, then the results should be exactly the same. It sounds like the wrong person’s DNA was submitted for the exclusion.

          Reply
          • Nicole

            I did a sibling test for my child and another child of the alleged father. The full sibling index was 0.000063 and the half sibling index was 0.27. What does this mean?

          • DDC

            Hi, Nicole. Without seeing all the data I cannot give you a definitive answer, but it would appear from what you said that the two children are unrelated.

    • Maxine

      If it state the probability of full sibling ship is 99.5% the likelihood that they share the same biological father is 2,446 to 1. Does this mean they have the same father.

      Reply
      • DDC

        If what you stated is true, then yes, that is definitely considered a conclusive result.

        Reply
  7. karla

    If i went to a a lab to get the dna test done then why do my results say that they were not collected by a third neutral party ? Am i able to go to the clinic that i went to, to get my test results or how can i get that from you guys ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Karla. I cannot discuss your particular case on a public forum. So I suggest you call us directly so one of our specialists can access your account and give you the information you’re looking for. That number is 800-681-7162.

      Reply
  8. Linda

    What should I do if the alleged father don’t want to show up or I personally don’t want the possible father knows or realizes the prenatal DNA test, is there any other way to do the test? For example, could i use other sample, like nails or hair with root instead of swab ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Linda. That’s an excellent question. Trying to use nail or hair samples instead of a cheek-swab sample from the possible father is risky, because there’s no guarantee the samples you send us contain enough quality DNA for testing. For this reason, we haven’t validated the use of alternative samples for prenatal testing…it’s too hit and miss. As a highly-accredited lab that does its own testing, we only accept cheek-cell samples from the possible father for prenatal paternity tests. This guarantees we have enough DNA to run the test twice to ensure accurate results.

      Reply
  9. Whitney

    If an at home test was done. Is there any way to get the names on the results? Could you pay extra money to get the names on it or would you have to see a valid drivers license? How does that work?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Whitney. The reason we don’t put names on at-home test results is because we have no way of verifying that the samples submitted really do belong to the participants named on the case. We still put identifiers on the report such as a sample number and the person’s role in the case (child, or alleged father, for example), we just cannot put names. Nevertheless, the results issued are guaranteed accurate for the samples we are given to compare. With at-home testing, the whole process is on the honor system, which is why results aren’t court-admissible. Once an at-home test is complete, you cannot pay extra to have names put on the report because the issue is still the same: not knowing for sure who the participants were.
      If you were to pay a little extra do a legal paternity test, then names are put on the report. This is because DNA collection and submission to the lab is witnessed by an approved and trained DNA collector who checks IDs and verifies that the samples for testing belong to the participants whose names are on the envelopes. Because the process is supervised by an impartial witness, names go on the report and results are court-admissible. In your case, if you want names on the report, you’ll have to do a whole new test and arrange for it to be a legal one. I hope this helps! For more details, you can visit the link below and/or call us at 800-681-7162.
      https://dnacenter.com/dna-paternity-test/legal-dna-paternity-test/

      Reply
  10. goldy

    i done my dna testing at a building called medical testing resources and i see the paper have ddc on them my question is can i view my results online? is 99.99999999997 or 99.999999999996 accurate dna test results? I have taken dna test before and they never came out with these results.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Goldy. It depends on whether your test was ordered by the court or not. If it was, you may have to go through the court in order to see your results. If not, you’re welcome to give us a call at 800-831-1906 and we can help you out. As for your second question, 99.9% plus any other number after it (7 or 6) is as clear an indicator as you can get of a biological father/child relationship. That little bit of a difference in the numbers is insignificant. Either number would be accepted in any court of law in the country as an indication of paternity. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  11. Lian

    Hace unos 7 meses me hice una prueba de paternidad prenatal el resultado es excluido mi pareja tenia justo 8 semanas puedo considerar que este resultado no tiene margen de error la prueba se hizo en la ciudad de mexico

    Reply
    • DDC

      ¡Hola, Lian! Si la prueba se realizó en un laboratorio acreditado, puede confiar en los resultados. Sin embargo, para confirmar, es bienvenido a hacer otra prueba ahora que el bebé nace. Por favor llame a nuestra línea internacional al 1-513-881-7800 para discutir su caso.

      Reply
  12. Lian

    Me hice la prueba con southgenetics mexico y el resultado biene con el membrete de DDC

    Reply
  13. Gre

    If when I put the swabs in the envolope and they’re still wet can that in anyway effect the results of the test even if I put the cotton swabs in opposite directions so they wouldnt touch also if it was raining the day I turned it in can that there for carry the dna into the other swab and it be incorrect ? My results read 99.99999999998 does that last 8 mean there’s possibility I’m not

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Gre. The lab can tell if there are two different DNA profiles on a swab. If it’s contaminated in this way, testing is suspended and the customer is asked to submit new samples. If you were issued results, then contamination was not a problem with your swabs. As for the probability of paternity you were given, that is an extremely high percentage…almost as high as you can get. Had this been a legal test, the court would recognize you as the biological father of the child. Results for a paternity test are obtained using statistics and a mathematical formula. Because it’s impossible to test every man in the world of the same ethnic background as you, there can never be a 100% probability of paternity. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  14. Marii

    What does this sentence mean? Does it mean that the results show that the father is only 0.50% the real father? Help plz.
    >>>This probability of paternity is calculated by comparing to an untested, unrelated ,random Individual of the Hispanic population
    (Assumes prior probability equals 0.50)

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Marii. No, it doesn’t mean that at all, so no worries! Paternity-testing analysis involves statistics, and this sentence just shows the baseline used to calculate results.

      Reply
  15. lbk.00

    Could there be a false NIPP exclusion?
    Should I take a post paternity test in hospital?
    Can the cheek swab be contaminated and mess with result?
    Can not having enough DNA for the fetal profile draw an exclusion result, or no reslut?
    Has there been an outsome of no reslut? Exclusion and not exclusion?
    How can I retrieve my profile of mother, fetus, and alleged father?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, lbk! Let’s address your questions one by one:
      Could there be a false NIPP exclusion? If the test is performed after 8 weeks’ gestation through a highly-accredited facility like DDC, then you can trust results. There are specific metrics we follow to ensure accurate results, and if those metrics are not met, then we do not issue a report. Ours is the only NIPP test on the market that’s been validated and published.
      Should I take a post paternity test in hospital? You can do a postnatal test (either an at-home or a legal one) also, but it’s not necessary to confirm results.
      Can the cheek swab be contaminated and mess with result? If a swab is contaminated, then the lab will suspend testing, not issue results, and ask for new samples. To ensure the man submits his own sample and not someone else’s, his cheek-swabbing should be witnessed either by the woman being tested (for non-legal testing) or by an approved witness (for legal, chain-of-custody testing with court-admissible results).
      Can not having enough DNA for the fetal profile draw an exclusion result, or no result? No. If there is not enough DNA for the fetal profile, then another blood sample will be drawn. No results are issued at all if there is not enough DNA to produce accurate results one way or the other.
      Has there been an outcome of no result? Exclusion and not exclusion? I can’t speak for other labs, but we do not issue “inconclusive results.” If there is not enough free-floating fetal DNA to get conclusive results, then we’ll ask for a new blood sample from the mother.
      How can I retrieve my profile of mother, fetus, and alleged father? For a postnatal test wherein only about 16 markers per participant is analyzed, we do provide each participant’s file in the report. Because we test thousands of SNPs (genetic data points) for the NIPP test, it is extremely difficult to format all the data, and so we do not make individual profiles available.

      Reply
      • Ebony

        Hi I’d like to know if the mother is missing from a none ordered paternity test, if the lab has the right to do such testing

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Ebony. I don’t understand your question. Will you please clarify?

          Reply
          • Ebony

            Can a paternity test be done at any lab you guys are affiliated with at any given time without the mother being absent ?

          • Ebony

            Can I get an email address please…… very important

      • Sarah

        I was told you could be 7 weeks, has this changed? I was 7 weeks 5 days when I got mine done with DDC and I’ve been stressing about the accuracy.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Sarah. This situation is stressful, no doubt. But rest assured that we can perform the test as early as 7 weeks, and your result is accurate for the samples we were provided to test. Take care!

          Reply
        • Dianna

          Hi, Where can i get blood type results of myself & My Son from a DNA test in 93 or 94?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Dianna. You can try contacting the lab that did the testing if they are still in business. DDC started in 1995.

  16. Kris

    Hi
    I did a NIPP test a couple months ago. it came back with a 99.9% probability…. which was actually in my favor….
    Have you ever had instances where the results were wrong? I am so happy that the test is in my favor , but paranoid that it could be wrong.
    Also I didn’t request to find out gender of the baby and only now realise that i could have gotten that also, is it still possible to get the gender?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kris. The technology has gotten so precise in the last few years and our processes are so strict that, at least at our lab, there have been no incorrect results. As for gender of your baby, you can still find that out, but there is an additional $100 fee. Please call us at 800-303-9085, and all the best with your pregnancy!

      Reply
    • Elizabeth

      How long does it take to receive results in the mail? I am not the one who filed for testing, however I took part in one and would like the results.

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Elizabeth. It can take up to 10 business days after the request if you opt to have it delivered via regular 1st class USPS. For an additional fee, you can choose to have it delivered via FedEx.

        Reply
  17. Denis

    Hello,
    are the tests fully anonymous?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Denis. I’m not sure what you mean by “fully anonymous,” but let me give it my best shot based on what it appears you mean. We do not share any private information, either names of participants, results, or DNA data, with anyone whose name is not on the test or any outside entity. Hope this helps!

      Reply
      • Denis

        Yes, this clarified my question. Thank you!

        Reply
        • DDC

          Excellent. Take care!

          Reply
  18. Brigitte

    Hey I was wondering when I will have the results for the NIPPT I did on Friday? And for the login to get results can I log in as many times as I want or is it only a one time use?
    Thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Brigitte. Thanks for testing with us! It generally takes two business days for samples to arrive at our lab, then results are posted to your secure online account in approximately seven business days (unless you paid extra for express results). Once your report is ready, you can access it as often as you like for 90 days. Most customers download the report so they have a permanent file. If you have further questions, by all means feel free to contact our NIPP specialists directly at 800-303-9085.

      Reply
  19. Mike

    Hi, I had done a paternity test back in 2009, and I believe I misplaced my original test results document. Is there any way I could receive another copy by mail?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mike. Please give us a call at 800-329-7519 and we’ll do everything we can to help you.

      Reply
  20. CJ

    I had a DNA test completed in April of 2009, at the request of the paternal mother (no court order) and am now questioning the legitimacy of the DNA Test Report, as I’ve been reviewing multiple issues/items and in reviewing, realized that the “Date Collected” is showing 4/27/2009, and the date completed “Subscribed and sworn before me on April 30, 2009”. Everything I’ve read on your FAQs and estimated testing timelines would indicate that there is no possibility of a 3 day turn around on these results. Is this a feasible turn around time for a DNA Paternity test in 2009, or should I investigate the potential that this document was forged, and seek legal counsel?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, CJ. If the samples were overnighted to our lab, it’s very possible that we could have met that time frame. In 2009, turnaround times for paternity tests were 1-3 business days. You are welcome to contact us directly and we can look up your case for you: 800-831-1906.

      Reply
    • Crystal

      Hello. What information does a home test report contain? Logo? Racial Background? Official Signatures? Please clarify.

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Crystal. Since a home-paternity test is for personal knowledge only and the identities of participants have not been verified through chain-of-custody process, it does not contain the same information found on a legal test with court-admissible results. When purchased directly from DDC, the report contains the roles of test participants (alleged father/child) with their corresponding data, plus a Combined Paternity Index (CPI) ratio and probability of paternity. It does not have a logo or official signatures nor does it specify the racial background of participants (although this information is used to calculate results).

        Reply
  21. kris

    Thanks. I have read your response so many times , and yet I find myself worried daily that when I finally have this baby the test will be wrong and I will lose my husband and family forever. I have faith in God and know that the science behind this test is accurate but cant help but be super worried. Everything is at stake for me.
    As mentioned before the test shows that my husband is the father…. 99.9% probability of paternity, he does not even know he was testing for paternity, he thinks we were chosen for a random test , thanks to my Doctor….. so he has no clue that paternity of this child is in question…. can’t wait to have this baby and for all this stress to be over.
    i feel like i need constant reassurance that the results of this test is accurate 🙁

    Reply
    • DDC

      Kris, it is a very reliable test, so you can put your heart at rest. You know, it might help you to call in and speak with one of our prenatal specialists and get additional reassurance. You’re welcome to call us at 800-303-9085 and specialists are available 8-5 pm Eastern Time. Of course, all call are completely confidential.

      Reply
      • kris

        THANK YOU. I THINK I WILL DO THAT

        Reply
      • Amy

        Hi sent off the swabs Thursday when will I get the results? Will they be emailed to me

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Amy. Your report is posted to your secure online account within 2 business days after samples are received at the lab. Once samples arrived, a notification is sent to the email address associated with the test. For security reasons, we do not email results directly.

          Reply
    • Dj

      Dont cheat and you dont have to worry.

      Reply
  22. Jeanette

    Hello…
    I did a DNA test exactly when i turned 8 weeks. It was determined that alleged father was not the father. Any way that there wasnt enough DNa still and is why it gave those results or 8 werks is sufficient to determine?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jeanette. You don’t mention whether or not you tested with us. I can’t speak for other labs, but in our case, had there not been enough non-cell fetal DNA in your bloodstream to effectively test, we would not have issued results. Instead, you would have been asked to submit a new blood sample a week or so later. We can definitely get conclusive results as early as 8 weeks.

      Reply
      • Jeanette

        I did it through you guys yes. I thought maybe “not having enough dna” would just give me a result showing “hes not the father” . So there is indeed a way to know if it was “to soon to test”?

        Reply
        • DDC

          Yes. As I mentioned, if there hadn’t been enough DNA to test, the lab would have determined so during testing and would not issue results at all, one way or the other.

          Reply
  23. Erik

    Greetings,
    What are the odds of having a mismatched number due to a mutation of the gene? I had a test done through a different facility and it showed there were two mismatched loci strings present. I understand it is somewhat of a rare occurrence to have one different due to a mutation but with two, I can be pretty certain with the results or no?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Erik. The frequency of a mutation at a particular locus in a specific population group depends on many factors. The odds for a mutation (or two in your case) is taken into account in calculations for paternity. In some cases, the lab will test will test additional genetic markers, if necessary, to confirm results. If you went with an accredited lab and you were issued results, they can be trusted.

      Reply
  24. Blaine

    I will be retesting with the same individuals as our first test. I’m happy with our results, but fear they could be wrong based on what I’ve read online.. my question is, if we are doing the same exact test with the same people, will the alleles match up or will they be different? I will be comparing the two tests side by side so I’d like to know in advance so I’m not confused or worried the lab mixed something up one of the two times! Thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Blaine. If the exact same people are being tested the second time as the first, all data would match exactly.

      Reply
      • DDC

        Blaine, something doesn’t add up. If the exact same parties are tested, then the data at each locus will be exactly the same. You’re welcome to call us directly so that we can have a look at both your reports and answer your questions regarding them. Sorry I can’t help you more on this public forum. I can’t be more specific about your case(s) due to HIPAA. Our number is: 800-329-7519.

        Reply
        • Sthembile

          Hi I recently did a DNA test between me the mother, alleged father and the child but the results came back as no match and I found it really hard to understand the results because there was no percentage

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi! All paternity tests should give one of two results, with a percentage: Either 99.9% or higher for an inclusion or 0% probability for an exclusion (not the father). Is it the 0% that has you confused, perhaps?

  25. siga

    Do you think you don’t need to know the origin of alleged father? I have such a doubt that, if the potential fathers have the same origin however the mother has different origin ( for example, fathers have African origins but mother has Asian origin). Paternity test will give positive for most of the African man. Probably, laboratories where test done, they don’t have the entire genetic codes in their genetic pool from African. So that I am pretty sure that in his situation not easy to verify since as far as I know DNA test using basically Alleles similarities.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hello, Siga. When doing paternity testing, ethnicity is taken into account when calculating probability of paternity. The mother’s ethnicity does not matter. Because a child inherits 50% of their DNA from their mother and 50% from their father, the only way a man can be considered the biological father is if every genetic marker tested matches exactly with the child. This is regardless of ethnic origin. If they do all match, then a probability of paternity is generated, taking into account ethnicity. If they don’t all match, the man is not the biological father, and the man’s ethnicity is a non-factor.

      Reply
  26. Carol

    How long do results normally take? We sent in the kit 3 business days ago?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Carol. If you used the postage-paid envelope included in the kit, it can take 7-10 business days for the post office to deliver your samples. Once samples arrive at the lab and testing begins, however, your report is posted to your secure online account in 1-2 days, depending on which kit you purchased. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  27. siga

    i wanna issue my question again.
    Do you think you don’t need to know the origin of alleged father? I have such a doubt that, if the potential fathers have the same origin however the mother has different origin ( for example, fathers have African origins but mother has Asian origin). Paternity test will give positive for most of the African man. Probably, laboratories where test done, they don’t have the entire genetic codes in their genetic pool from African. So that I am pretty sure that in his situation not easy to verify since as far as I know DNA test using basically Alleles similarities.

    Reply
  28. Maaa

    I did a sibling DNA test of mine n my two kids in the mother of two kids.the result is both kids safe same biological father.without fathers swab how can it tell 100 true result please tell me.its writer DDC name in the mail in I’m from srilanka

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Maaa. It’s like putting together a genetic puzzle. Analysts can put all the pieces of each individual’s DNA together to create a picture of their biological relationship, so to speak. In many instances, relationships can be established in this manner if the alleged father is not available for testing.

      Reply
  29. rojh

    I have typed below the DNA Laboratory Report.
    Conclusion:
    “The DNA profile from Child is consistent with having come from an offspring of her Mother and Alleged father.
    The DNA profile from Child in this nation’s population is 367,400 times more likely to be obtained if she is an offspring of her Mother and Alleged father than if she is an offspring of a random, unrelated man.”
    Only these two statements are in the conclusion. My question is:
    Are the two statements enough to say that the Alleged father is the biological father?
    TAKE NOTE:
    1. Combined Paternity Index either 99.9% or 0% IS NOT INDICATED in the report.
    2. There is NO CONCLUSION stating either
    “is not excluded as the biological father,” OR
    “is excluded as the biological father,”
    Please reply to this so it could help us with our existing problem.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rojh. The language used by the lab you tested with would certainly seem to indicate that the child is the biological offspring of the alleged father. However, this is not the language that must be used by accredited laboratories, as you mentioned in your “TAKE NOTE” section. It would be advisable to contact the lab where you tested and ask questions.

      Reply
  30. Rene

    Does your results have ddc logo and choice DNA testing logo on it?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rene. When you test with one of our partners like Choice DNA, both the DDC’s and the partner’s logos are on the report.

      Reply
      • Kim

        If I tested through one DNA but went to another for the legal sample collection who logo will be on the results? Also if I had a test mailed to me from DDC and mailed it back will your logo be on the results that I log in to?

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Kim. I cannot speak for other companies’ processes: only for ours. If you purchase through a third-party company but the testing is performed by DDC, the report will include both the company’s logo and ours. If you purchase from DDC directly, reports for at-home tests do not have a logo, but a report for a legal test does have a logo.

          Reply
  31. Princess

    If my child and I took a DNA in 2014 is it possible to get accurate results if the alleged father was tested in 2016?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Princess. The short answer is yes, it’s possible, since DNA doesn’t change.

      Reply
  32. douglas

    i was told by the mother that my test showed i was only 80% that the child could be mine..i dont know much about DNA but i think its either 99.9% or zero…question is can it really be at 80%? ..thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Douglas. You are absolutely correct. Today’s tests from accredited labs either show 99% or higher in the report, or 0%.

      Reply
  33. Melissa

    I had myself and my son tested in oag office in one county.. The alleged father got tested 2 months later in oag in another county.. Would the timeframe between the two separate tests change the test results or how does that work?? I was shown a picture of the guy tested but I could tell if it was him because it was so blurry.. Should I have another test done w the other parent in the same county/office??

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Melissa. The short time-frame between when he got his DNA collected and you did will make no difference here.

      Reply
  34. Patrick

    I believe my DNA results was tampered with by the Lab in Guyana, is that possible

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi!Not if you used our accredited facility, no.

      Reply
  35. Patrick

    it was done in January at the Eureka Labs in Guyana and send up to your company. The results received is on the letter head of Eureka Labs, would that be so or would the results be on your company’s letter head? The results only shows 3 columns instead of the 4 shown as example. The column with the figures are missing, would that be so.
    Thanks for your help in this regard

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Patrick. Please contact Eureka Labs for clarification about your results report.

      Reply
  36. Natalie

    I got a full siblingship test done on my son and daughter and myself (I’m the bio mom) it came back that there was a 35.7% percent chance they are full siblings and .55 sibling index. How accurate is this?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Natalie. This is not considered a conclusive result. You may want to contact the lab where you tested for clarification.

      Reply
  37. Madison

    Hi just a question about the prenatal paternity test
    I was wondering if there was a lab error in labeling samples and the mothers DNA ended up being tested against the fetal DNA instead of the fathers then this would give a false positive result?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Madison. The mother’s DNA profile is determined from the blood sample, along with the baby’s. The alleged father’s comes from the cheek-swab DNA sample. As a highly-accredited lab we have processes in place to prevent any type of errors in testing and analysis. So, no, a “false positive” result is not possible.

      Reply
  38. Leslie

    I just need some reassurance. I did the prenatal DNA test and the test came back in my favor but so much is at stake for me so I need to know I can trust my results and I can quit stressing. I am due in 3 weeks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Leslie. You can trust your results. All the best to you and your little one, and we wish you a safe delivery!

      Reply
    • Aloni

      Was your test correct?

      Reply
    • Gloria

      I took a grandmother/grandchild dna. Results show index 94.08; probability of relatedness 98.9%. I just want to be sure I’m reading this as he is my grandchild. Am I correct?

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Gloria. That is considered a conclusive result, yes. Congratulations, grandma!

        Reply
  39. Ariana

    Hi with the prenatal paternity test how many snps are analyzed between the fetal DNA and the fathers? And how many of these have to match to determine a 99.9% positive result?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ariana. The process of analysis for determining a probability for paternity with prenatal testing is different than for postnatal testing. Over 2,000 SNPs are analyzed in total, vs. the standard 16 for postnatal testing. However, the upshot is the same: all markers must match the alleged father in order for there to be a 99% or higher probability of paternity.

      Reply
      • Ariana

        Ok thank you. Also I was reading that it’s better to submit samples from all potential fathers if you can only test one person will this affect the result?

        Reply
        • DDC

          Not necessarily. If you get a conclusive result of 99% or higher with the first man tested, that answers the question of paternity (unless there’s another possible father who’s a close biological relation of the man being tested). Of course, if the probability of paternity comes back at 0%, then others would need to be tested.

          Reply
  40. Ayanna

    I was wondermg the same thing. I only tested 1 man and my results were >99.9 so am I good? I can trust these results? No need to test the other man?

    Reply
    • DDC

      That’s correct, Ayanna.

      Reply
  41. Mike

    Is there a Report Date listed at the bottom of the DNA Test Report alerting to when that particular report was received and/or tested?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mike. Yes, there is a report date at the bottom of the report.

      Reply
  42. chasity

    We are having trouble understanding the test results. The possible father has passed away and we had his sister tested with my daughter and myself. The combined relatedness index is 0.0491 and the probability of relatedness is 4.7%. The lady that read the results to us said that she has never seen the (probability of relatedness) come back like this. She said that they should of came back 0%. Is that true? What does it mean since it came back 4.7% on a avuncular? Could his sister be my daughters aunt? Could he be her father? Would it of been better to test his mother and not his sister? What percentage of DNA does he share with his sister? Are the results inconclusive and if so what do we do next?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Chasity. It’s actually not unusual with an avuncular test (or any other family-relationship test other than straight paternity) to have a probability of relatedness with a number like 4.7%, so I’m not sure why the lady at the lab where you tested would say what she did. Your results mean that there is a 4.7% probability that your daughter and her aunt are biologically related. This very low percentage of probability and weak support for that relationship. Unless there are other close biological relatives of the possible father that you can test with, there really isn’t anything else that you can do.

      Reply
      • chasity

        would testing his mother give us a clearer answer? Or would the results be the same as testing the aunt? His mom wasn’t well at the time of testing, so that’s why we tested his sister.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Testing his mother could definitely be helpful, yes.

          Reply
  43. Mike

    So if I were to receive my results online and the date of the report was 04/01/2018, that would be the date it was tested or the date in which I received my personal DNA report online?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Neither, actually. It is the date on which the analysis was complete, the report was generated, and the case was closed. It isn’t necessarily the date on which you received that report, because the lab fee must be paid in full before the report is released. For some people, that could be a week later, for example.

      Reply
  44. Aj

    How can I verify my test was actually performed here and the paper work/test results were not compromised prior to my self receiving it, do you keep all results on file? If so how can I receive results directly from here

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Aj. I’m assuming you did your test through an affiliate of ours and not directly through our lab? If so, they own the results and we do not have the authority to send them to you directly. It would be fraudulent for anyone to compromise the integrity of results and highly unlikely that anything of that sort would have occurred.

      Reply
      • Kristen

        My test was preformer at natera are they reliable? It says on my report DDC ! Just that the test was done there. And whats the difference between 99.9% and 99.999% percent?

        Reply
  45. David

    My test said 0% would is there any possibility I made a bad stabbing???? Or incorrectly I’m actually devastated but need to know

    Reply
  46. David

    Swabbing***

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, David. If there had been any issue with swab contamination or if there had not been enough DNA to test thoroughly, the lab would have suspended testing temporarily and asked for new samples (without issuing results), so your swabbing wasn’t a problem. If you used an accredited lab like ours, you can be sure the results are correct for the samples we were provided. Did you personally witness the swabbing of the child in the test? Are you sure the DNA submitted was the child’s? When doing an at-home test, we always recommend that everyone swab in the same room together, if at all possible. If you did not witness swabbing or live in a different state, you may want to consider doing a legal, witnessed test, for your own peace of mind. If the test you did already was a legal one, then there would be no need to test again.

      Reply
  47. Araceli

    I had a DNA test done a couple years ago and I am just now going to go to court(yes I know it can not be used in court). I tried calling to see how to better understand how they received the results. I am asking because none of my #s matched those of my daughter but they did match the apparent father. Could there of been a mix up with the samples that were sent in? How could none of my #s match but every single one of his matched? I just want to be sure I do not need to retest before going to court.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Araceli. I cannot discuss a case in a public forum, per HIPAA regulations, but I have sent you an email. Please look for it in your inbox or spam folder. It is from DDC (DNA Diagnostics Center). Thanks!

      Reply
  48. Vivian

    On the results:
    1. If the child is a girl, are numbers in the Y column for the potential father factored in as matches in either XX column for the child? How is it shown which parent contributed the allele number listed or is it mix and match from the parents in pursuit of a positive match?
    3. Ethnicity- What if the Ethnicity of the alleged father is listed incorrectly? If the father is listed as a specific ethnicity but is in not that ethnicity but instead mixed.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Vivian. Yours is an excellent question. No, the X and Y columns do not reflect which gene the child got from the dad and which the child got from the mom. The data is mixed. As long as the alleged father and child match at every one of the markers (regardless of the order in which they are presented), that’s what matters for a positive probability of paternity. The ethnicity helps calculate the Paternity Index for each location and can also help if there’s a mutation, but it doesn’t change the conclusion of the test. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  49. melissa

    i had one question if the test reults read 72,678 cpi and only had 99.998% isnt this questionable especially if the mother has slept with other close family members. also ddc wasnt aware before the testing but now they are do you think the results will be different when they do the extended testing since now they know..?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Melissa. The original calculations for paternity were made and the numbers you gave reflect the fact that the assumption was made that there were no other possible fathers who are related to the man who was tested. This type of situation is exactly why we advise customers to let us know ahead of time prior to testing. I can’t make a prediction on the outcome of new testing and anything I say would just be an opinion. You’ll have to see what the science has to say.

      Reply
  50. My Question(s)

    Hi, my question is; even though the alleged father and child is being tested (not mom) how many swabs or packs come inside of the home DNA Test? Are the amount of swabs or packs of swabs based on how many people are being tested or is there a set amount?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi! Standard for retail kits sold at stores come with testing materials for three people (12 swabs total). When you order from the website, the total of swabs is customized to the number of people being tested.

      Reply
  51. aj

    So we had a test done Sept 2017 that came back and said I was 99.9% the father, then we had another test done May 2018 now it says I’m not the father. My concern is the person who did the 2nd test says in her letter she has been an expert in paternity testing since Dec 2016. Is there any way she could be wrong, I heard the fetus testing is not always accurate but how can one be 99.9% I am the father and now the baby is born coming back total opposite. Who is right and doing a 3rd test is just adding more stress.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, AJ. It’s impossible to get a 99.9% probability of paternity by mistake. Please make sure you’re using an experienced, accredited lab for all your testing.

      Reply
  52. Tee

    My test read 17.6 percent probability that the lady is my half sibling. What doe that means is it yes or no?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Tee. Anywhere between 9% and 89% is considered an inconclusive result. In order to get more conclusive results, additional biological relatives would need to be added.

      Reply
  53. Lisa

    hi if a prenatal paternity test gives me the result of paternity being higher than 99.0% is that reliable result? I’m not sure should it say 99.9%?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Lisa. Whether your results are 99.0%, 99.5% or 99.999999999%, the difference is teeny tiny and really doesn’t matter. The probability of paternity you get depends on many factors and data that go into the analysts’ calculations, and as long as the probability is higher than 99%, the results are definitely conclusive. Hope this helps!

      Reply
      • Lisa

        Thank you it definitely does!

        Reply
  54. Unsure

    On the test it asks for your race if you put the wrong race could you get wrong results? The test says it uses your race for comparative calculations. So if the mom is white and the dad is black and you put the baby is white which is obviously not the case could the results be a false negative on my mistake?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi! That’s a great question. Making that kind of mistake doesn’t affect the conclusion of whether or not the man tested is considered the biological father; all it might affect is the percentage of probability number if the man is considered the father. For example, the probability of paternity might be 99.5% instead of 99.99%. But it would still be considered a conclusive result.

      Reply
    • Madi

      I got my results back on the non invasive prenatal paternity test & it was a 0%. Is there anyway this could be inaccurate? I could see a 99.9% easier to mess up rather than a 0% due to being related, blood transfusion etc. This is determining if I keep my child or not so I really need to know that my results are correct. Thanks!

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Madi. If you tested with us, be assured your results are accurate.

        Reply
  55. Snoop

    How many numbers can you have between the mother and the father that’s alike before it becomes a false test I have 8 numbers alike between the both of us she white I’m black so how can you determine I thought it couldn’t be no more than 4 that can be alike on a test

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Snoop. With a paternity test, the question is more about not how many matches there are, but rather, how many mismatches. As human beings, we all share DNA in common; in fact, if you and I did a relationship test, chances are good we could match up at 7 or 8 or more loci, just because we’re human beings. What matters in trying to establish a father/daughter or father/son relationship is if ALL the numbers match at the same locations for the genes tested. Because a child gets 50% of their DNA from their bio dad, one of the numbers at each location would have to match his if he’s the dad. That being said, there are sometimes exceptions. One or even two mismatches might be acceptable if analysts determine there’s a genetic mutation at a particular locus. Some mutations are common at certain genetic locations for Asian people, for example. That’s why we ask for participants’ race when setting up the test. All of that is factored in when analysts do their calculations to determine a probability of paternity. With today’s technology, getting an “inconclusive” result for a straight paternity test (father/child) doesn’t happen if you test with an accredited lab like ours. We just keep testing more markers, as necessary, to get a conclusive result: either 99%+ if the man is considered the biological father, or 0% if he’s not. Hope this helps!

      Reply
      • Snoop

        I’m talking about the single numbers say if its 16 16 I had 8 of those like that

        Reply
        • Snoop

          I thought it couldn’t be no more than 4 that can be like that on a paternity test

          Reply
        • DDC

          That’s not unusual either.

          Reply
  56. Elaine

    Do you ever give NIPP chain of custody test results over the phone? Does every NIPP chain of custody test include online test results? My son is being told he is the father of a child but he has never seen any written or online test results. Only a verbal comment from the mother who said she was given results over the phone (she used one of your testing facilities).

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Elaine. We do not give answers over the phone. All NIPP chain-of-custody tests provide online results. As a participant in the test, your son has the right to request his own set of results. Your son should give us a call at 800-303-9085.

      Reply
      • Elaine

        Thank you very much for the information. I will pass this along to my son.

        Reply
  57. Jeff

    My question is, my brother recently had a DNA test done to see if he’s the father. The results were 99.99, so my question is, is it possible to have a 99.99% and the child doesn’t have any resemblances of him at all?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jeff. Yes, for sure. There are many children who doesn’t resemble either parent, even though they are their biological parents. What we look like just depends on the genes for traits we happened to inherit over several generations.

      Reply
  58. DORTHY

    If I didn’t test all possible fathers and just did 2 out of the 3 and got a result back saying one is the father how accurate would that be ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Dorthy. Unless any of the alleged father are close biological relations, then you can absolutely trust results.

      Reply
  59. Irina

    Hello,I would like to know if I pay for a second parental paternity test (the first one I did was trough a clinic in Romania who said they have parternship with DDC Ohio but somehow I don’t trust the results ),Can I pay for a second test at DDC Hammersmith London (this time I wanna make it for legal purposes as well,the first one was just piece of mind )but the main question is :if I pay for a new test it will be runed a second test again?I hope it won’t be use the names from the first one to match the results without being verified again .Thank you

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Irina. We analyze every set of samples we receive, no matter if the same people already tested with us.

      Reply
  60. Irina

    Because I tested with a clinic (in Romania )who said they send my blood samples to ddc ohio can I email you my case number and get more details about my case and the results ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Irina. All communications must be made with the clinic in Romania. We are a contractor for them and do not own the results, therefore we cannot comment on them.

      Reply
  61. Ali

    If I got pregnant straight away afther a miscarriage (I misscaried in end of may and got pregnant mid of June ),now I am 16 weeks pregnant with the second baby ,can the previous DNA of the first baby who I lost in 5 weeks influence my new results ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ali. You ask a very good question, and I offer my condolences on your loss. The answer to your question is no. Fetal DNA is expelled very quickly following the end of a pregnancy, so there would be no effect on your test now.

      Reply
  62. Ali

    Thank you for your answer .I would like to also ask you how reliable is the prenatal paternity test?If it comes positive or negative can I rely 100 procent of my result in order to make a decision with my pregnancy?Is any chance to retest afther birth and have a different result from the prenatal test?Also are human or genetics error common?

    Reply
  63. Anonymous

    Took a court ordered paternity test 5 months ago and never received resluts…does that mean its negative? When will i receive the results? Does the court have to send me a copy?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi! You need to contact the court to see why you never received results.

      Reply
  64. Anna

    Hello,I would try to make a little summary to get the best answer for my question .I have a booking for a legally prenatal tomorrow morning in London .In the last 24 hours because I experienced huge chest pain I went to the doctor .Long story short it was not the heart who gave me problems it was the lungs ,so they gave me an injection in my belly to stop potential clots to develop in my body (they injected a certain type of coagulant )Because I started to throw away blood in the morning I came back and I need to have like a special X ray to check some things about the lungs ,that will also involve giving some medicine to make lungs more clear at the scan (I don’t know the substance who I will be given yet ).My question is all these coagulants and the other substance can affect my blood test?Can it give me a false positive or a false negative or it will come back worse case scenario not concludent and I will need to retake blood .I would appreciate a lot if you have the amiability to ask a doctor or a person from the laboratory about the effect of coagulants regarding to DNA.Can they affect my DNA in any way?I already paid the deposit and I have a booking tomorrow at 10 in London but if my blood is not concludent I will like to rescheduale .Thank you a lot for your help

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Anna. This type of treatment would not affect your DNA.

      Reply
  65. ROSAMARIA

    Hello, I am reading all the question and I am very impress with the responses, such a good explanation about the alleles and the CPI, and everything in between.
    Now, have you ever seen a case where two men one being the real father and another totally (unrelated) test positive on the paternity test, on the same child? meaning both having all the 15 markers positive on the paternity test
    I understand this it is a very difficult and an unlike situation, since your company probably run thousands of DNA paternity test per day, I would like to know how rare this situation can be

    Reply
    • DDC

      It is as rare as the CPI for each case. For example, if a CPI is 1,000,000, there is a 1,000,000 to 1 chance that an unrelated, untested man with the same ethnic background could be the biological father. I’ve never heard of an unrelated man also getting a positive result. If you think about it, the chances of one woman having sex with the other man who might also test positive is practically impossible. This is why legal paternity-test results are accepted as proof by courts worldwide.

      Reply
      • ROSAMARIA

        Thank you for the reply, I have been trying to learn more or as much as a can about predisposition for a certain genetic diseases, in particular I am trying to learn if there is a genetic marker or, if there is any genetic predisposition for MCTD, I found genetics to be a as fascinating as challenging, I did not know anything about the process of unveiling the information of DNA, my knowledge about DNA is very limited, I found DDC to be a good source of information, and explain everything in a way that any body can understand the very basics of DNA . Reading other people questions and your answers responded to many of mine, and undoubtedly new questions pop up in my head, It is obvious that DDC is a very dedicated company and conduct everything in a very professional manner.
        One last question, It is possible for your company today or in the near future to analyze DNA to see if we carry one o many genetic diseases?
        Thank you very much and keep up the great work

        Reply
        • DDC

          Thanks for the kind words, Rosamaria. We do not test for genetic diseases at this time.

          Reply
  66. Gina

    Hello,are parental legal paternitaty tests double checked in comparison with the piece of mind ones ?What is the exactly my difference between them?Also are the blood tests analized by 2 teams or just one team?Would you run the test again even the same people already tested with you?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Gina. I’ll address your questions one by one.
      (1) Legal paternity tests are run twice to ensure accuracy, and so are at-home tests
      (2) There are two main differences between legal and at-home tests. Simply put: DNA collection for legal tests is supervised by an independent, approved witness and IDs are checked to ensure that test participants are who they say they are; and results for legal tests are court-admissible (since a chain of custody for samples is maintained throughout). At-home test results are not court-admissible since there is no way of verifying participants’ identities.
      (3) With certain exceptions, we use cheek-swab DNA samples for post-natal paternity tests and not blood tests. But samples are tested by two separate teams.
      (4) We run every test, regardless of whether the same people have tested with us before.

      Reply
  67. LeahMarie

    Hello I did a prenatal test last month and I tested the guy who I was hoping was not the father and he was indeed excluded. I am just hoping the results are accuracte. I did go through DDC and was sent to a lab here in my city at “Any Lab Test Now”. The only thing is he went on one day and I went the next day so we got our test taken on two different dates but mailed off together. When I first got there they couldn’t find his swabs, then they “found” them. Is there anyway possible that the lab facility could have shipped off another man’s test result that wasn’t my baby’s alleged father? How can I be sure that the swabs that were sent for my baby’s alleged father were sent off with mines. I really want these results to be accurate stating he is NOT the father. I’m just paranoid.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, LeahMarie. Thanks for testing with us! All samples for a case are linked together with bar codes, so there’s no chance of a mix-up with someone else’s. No worries!

      Reply
  68. Sami

    If my child had a DNA test done, and there were 2 alleged fathers who were brothers but only 1 brother was tested and it came back he was her father, would the results be absolutely right or is there still a chance the brother could be her father since he was not tested as well.. ? I know this sounds awful but there is a huge story behind this..

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sami. In cases like this, a false positive may occur. It really depends on how much DNA the brothers happen to have in common at the locations tested. It’s essential that your daughter be tested again, hopefully this time with both men. If that’s not possible, then the lab definitely needs to be made aware of the other alleged father and his biological relationship to the man being tested BEFORE they do the testing.

      Reply
      • jennifer

        Hi, what about if the results show 0% for one brother? I just received results that my alleged father had a 0% probability and then my mom told me that it could be his brother. Is there some kind of indication in the chart that might show relatedness between brother #1 and me?

        Reply
        • DDC

          It would have been handy if your mother had mentioned this before, since the lab would have taken this information into account when performing their analysis. However, this isn’t usually an issue or concern unless the result of the test with the first brother had come out with a positive probability of paternity. Is it possible for the brother to test also?

          Reply
  69. Lucy

    What is the difference between an inclusion result of >99.9% and 99.99% ?
    I keep seeing people say they got a result of 99.99%, but is that just for the paternity test and not the NIPP?
    I took the NIPP and got a result of >99.9% just curious if I can be assured with that result or if there is a slight chance of error. I’m asking in regards to two men. So hoping that with this inclusion result, I can be confident in the result!
    Thank you

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Lucy. You can be absolutely confident in the result. The “>” symbol doesn’t mean anything. Also, there is an infinitesimally small difference between 99.9% and 99.99% probability, and it’s also nothing to worry about. They are both equally conclusive numbers.

      Reply
  70. Mj

    Hi, is there any possible way to have a false positive? I am happy with my results as he came back as not excluded but is there anyway way it could be a false positive. My life is literally on the line with this prenatal test. My ultrasound for gender was also accurate with the gender yhu guys gave me so it gives me confidence but still Can I trust my results? Do I have to make a post dna test ? Are my results guaranteed? And yes I did test with you guys ddc. also what does it mean when there is gene mutation causing an inaccurate result?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mj. You can be absolutely confident in your test results with no post-natal DNA test needed. Any gene mutations are taken into account when a highly-accredited lab like ours does the analysis, so there is no chance that a mutation could cause an inaccurate result.

      Reply
  71. Amanda

    What does it mean when it says one possible mutation was observed?

    Reply
    • DDC

      It means that if there is a mismatch between alleged father and child in the data, it could be due to a possible mutation. That possibility was taken into account when calculating the probability of paternity.

      Reply
  72. Venkat

    This is Venky, My Patternity Test results are :
    The alleged father is not excluded as the biological father of the tested child. Based on testing results obtained from analyses of the DNA loci listed, the probability of paternity is 99.9998%. and Combined Paternity Index: 553,223. Please clarify two things:
    1) Is I am the father of the tested child?
    2) The report shows only 18 markers + 1 Amelogenin. They have ingnored other 2 markers such as D2S1338 and D22S1045. Will the still the report is correct.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Venkat
      (1) Yes, you are considered the biological father of the child tested
      (2) You didn’t mention if you tested with us or elsewhere. But if you used an accredited lab, your report is most likely correct

      Reply
  73. Sami

    Hello I asked previously about DNA results between 2 brothers and a child, the results showed the one brother was the childs father but only he was tested not the second brother, my question is on the DNA test thay proved the first brother was the father two columns didn’t match in numbers, the column numbers were mother: 8 child: 8 father: 8,9
    Mother: 11,12 child: 11 father: 11
    How does this work in this case.. im so confused.. please help..

    Reply
    • DDC

      One number in a column actually means that allele is duplicated. For example, if a child’s column shows a single 8, then that’s really 8,8. So, in the examples you gave me:
      (1) Mother is 8,8/ child is 8/8, father is 8/9: Child gets one 8 from mom and one 8 from dad
      (2) Mother is 11,12/ child is 11,11/ father is 11/11: Child gets one 11 from mom and one 11 from dad

      Reply
  74. Kj

    Can I see the CPI from my test if I did the prenatal paternity test? Probability of Paternity for the man I tested was >99.9%, what is the CPI? Is there a way for me to see my actual results other than just the conclusion?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kj. If you tested with us, you’re welcome to contact our prenatal support line at 800-303-9085 with any questions about your specific results.

      Reply
      • Kj

        Is there a reason to even ask for those results or is that conclusion pretty definitive

        Reply
        • DDC

          Kj, your results are as conclusive as they come! 🙂

          Reply
  75. Venkat

    Hi DDC, We have tested in DDC and report got signed by DDC Laboratory Director – Jessica Ann Wagoner Ph.d

    Reply
    • DDC

      I can’t vouch for results from a different lab, but since you tested with us, I can confidently tell you your results are corrected.

      Reply
      • Venkat

        Thank You so much DDC.

        Reply
        • DDC

          You’re most welcome. Thanks for testing with us!

          Reply
      • Venkat

        HI DDC,
        Event though the results are conclusive and I am the biological father (tested in DDC).
        Why below 2 markers are ignored or not published in the report. Please advise.
        The report shows only 18 markers + 1 Amelogenin. They have ingnored other 2 markers such as D2S1338 and D22S1045.
        Report states:
        The alleged father is not excluded as the biological father of the tested child.
        the probability of paternity is 99.9998%

        Reply
    • Jessica

      If I took a test with one possible father and it comes back that he is not the father , can I take the results and compare them to another dna test taken by another possible father will the alleles stay the same or will they vary depending on the child ?

      Reply
      • DDC

        Hi, Jessica. The alleles for the child should be the same no matter what test they participate in. But I would leave the analysis to DNA experts.

        Reply
        • Sophie

          Hi I have a questions can a grandparent test come back 99.9 for their grandchild?

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Sophie. We see 99.9% or higher most often when both grandparents test and the mother also contributes her DNA.

  76. Alina

    Hello ,I just got the results from DDC yesterday regardless to my prenatal paternity test ,the results is what I expected but the only thing who concernes me and doesn’t let me enjoy my pregnancy is that there is no index or chart .I do think if you reached that conclusion you analysed a chart even if that chart includes 2,688 or whatever how many are loci.My question is :is any way I can get in the Posesion of my detailed chart ,I do belive in DDC and in science but some things you wanna see them with your own eyes especially when it comes to such a big life choice as keeping a baby or not .I am looking for your answer and if you don’t want to send me the report because is too long or I won’t be able to understand it ,I do have a doctor who will be able to understand it and I don’t mind reading 2,688 markers when it comes to something that important .Thank you

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Alina. We do analyze thousands upon thousands of data-points for absolute accuracy, and we have found in the past that this type of extensive data was overwhelming to most customers and they prefer the simpler report. If you have questions about your results or the data used for the test, you’re welcome to contact our Prenatal Hotline at 800-303-9085. Thanks for testing with us!

      Reply
  77. Alina

    Why my comment was deleted ?I asked yesterday if I can have a more detailed report of my test and you said to contact that phone number which I did in the morning.The lady over the phone told me she can’t give me the numbers of my test because there are close to 3000 and I said fine ,I do have a doctor who is specialed in dna who I wanna consult so a doctor will be able to explain to me if DDC doesn’t have time for that .My question is how do I get that results ?I did paid for that test and I guess all the numbers who belong to my case ,I have a right to ask about it .This is my life and my pregnancy and I do have the right to see with my own eyes my data .I would like someone to give me an email adress who I can actually get in touch with a person who sends me the report of my test .Thank you

    Reply
  78. Herbert

    Hi,
    If a DNA test was done between a minor child(girl) and alleged grandmother(alleged father deceased) and the results came back stating “Using the Bayesian method of calculating probabilities and accepting a prior probability of 0,5, the final probability is that the alleged grandmother is 93,2131% the biological grandmother of the minor child however the figures obtained are relatively low and it is recommended that additional testing of the X chromosome or other family members be done in an attempt to strengthen these findings.”
    Could this results be a conclusion that the alleged grandmother is related to the minor child?
    Thank you

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Herbert. These results are certainly supportive of that relationship, but the lab you used was correct in recommending additional testing because this percentage is not conclusive. Adding the mother of the child, for example, would have most likely strengthened these results.

      Reply
  79. jae

    If two brothers are the possible father and only one is tested and that information about possible siblings being the father was not disclosed how accurate is the testing for just that one brother? Both brothers have the same mother and father.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jae. If the results show 0% probability of paternity, then you can trust that answer. If there was a positive probability of paternity, there is the possibility of having a “false positive.” This is why all accredited labs, including ours, emphasize that this type of information must be disclosed prior to testing.

      Reply
  80. Venkat

    HI DDC,
    Event though the results are conclusive and I am the biological father (tested in DDC).
    Why below 2 markers are ignored or not published in the report. Please advise.
    The report shows only 18 markers + 1 Amelogenin. They have ingnored other 2 markers such as D2S1338 and D22S1045.
    Report states:
    The alleged father is not excluded as the biological father of the tested child.
    the probability of paternity is 99.9998%

    Reply
  81. Lisa

    Hi!
    I had a prenatal paternity test done in August. I had slept with two men in the time frame of 7 days. The second man came back with a probability of paternity at 99.9%. Should I have the other tested as well to completely rule the other man out? They are not related. Also, when this testing is performed, do ALL markers have to match up to the alleged potential father or is it just a few based on some sort of formula?
    Thank you so much!

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Lisa. You didn’t mention whether you tested with us or not, but I’ll assume you did. A probability of paternity of 99.99% is about the strongest result you can get and, if a legal test is done, would serve as proof of paternity in any court of law. Because a child gets 50% of their DNA from their bio mom and 50% from their bio dad, all markers analyzed must match between the child and possible father, unless there is a mutation at a location. In this case, the frequency of the mutation in the population for the participant’s ethnic group is taken into account and included in the calculation for paternity.

      Reply
      • Lisa

        Yes I did test with DDC!
        I did the prenatal test so the percentage was 99.9%, not 99.99%. Is there a difference?

        Reply
  82. Rose

    Hi I did a peace of mind at home prenatal paternity test. The swabs were sent to my home, although I did go to a clinic to get blood taken. I got an inclusive result back. Just curious as to how accurate this is even though it wasn’t a “chain of custody test”

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rose. They are accurate.

      Reply
  83. Joseph

    I just got my results back but since I had 2 possible fathers tested, in the results it don’t say the names. How would I know witch is who’s ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Joseph. You need to call us for clarification at 800-329-7519.

      Reply
  84. Carol

    Legal chain of custody test performed by another lab indicates 99.99% probability, but the wrong race was used (mother is Chamorro, father is Chamorro but lab used Pacific Islander). Paternity has already been legally established, but everyone will feel better if results can be re-verified. Would it be best to have first lab re-calculate probability with the correct race or have a second test done by another lab, yours for example? 13 markers were compared and all matched. CPI was given as 6,831,963 to 1.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Carol. 13 markers is a very low number to use for a paternity test. The very minimum should be 16…we actually use 20 plus the sex chromosome. Was the lab you used fully accredited? All that being said, the numbers you were given are very conclusive, and it’s hard to say whether or not changing race would make a difference in the conclusion, although it could change the numbers. If it makes you feel better, you could test again with us if they’re unwilling to re-calculate.

      Reply
      • Carol

        Lab is accredited by AABB. Thank you for your response. I will look into using your services. Parties are located on Guam.

        Reply
  85. Brittany

    I’m so confused with your test cause how can our home dna test with just the alleged father and child come out positive and when they took my dna, child and alleged father dna in a local facility came out negative but when I talked to one of your representative she said that me and the alleged father haves similar dna and have some matches with the child and I so how can it come out negative doesn’t it suppose to be positive?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Brittany. We see you did your second, legal test with us. Did you do your home test with us too or with a different lab?

      Reply
  86. Chevon

    Chevon, I did an at home peace of mind dna paternity test and it came back to be 99.999998% I was just wondering if this was accurate for the father to be the biological father because I never had to do a dna test so I wanted to know if my test is true of what its saying and a accurate result

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Chevon. That is a very high probability of paternity. If you used an accredited lab like ours, you can trust that those results are accurate.

      Reply
  87. Sariah

    My cousin’s son was lost from birth and wanted to check if the one claiming to be his son is true. It was explained here that a DNA paternity test shows that probability of the relationship. Moreover, it’s recommended to go to trusted businesses for a reliable DNA paternity testing services.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sariah. Thanks for reaching out to us. Your cousin would need to order a home paternity test for him and the alleged son. If your cousin thinks he might need the results for court (such as if the alleged son wants to claim inheritance rights or have your cousin’s name place on the birth certificate), then he should order a legal paternity test with court-admissible results. Please have him call us at 800-681-7162.

      Reply
  88. Eric

    WILL THEY SEND THE PATERNITY TEST RESULTS TO ME IN THE MAIL? CALL ME OR SOMETHING HOW WILL I GET IT

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Eric. You access your report via a secure, online account that is created for you when you submit samples and payment. You’ll get email notifications letting you know what to do and when to access your report. Most people download the PDF report and print it out themselves, but if you want results in the mail, you can order a hard copy for a small additional charge. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  89. Brittany

    I have had 2 government paternity test done for my daughter. On both tests mine and my daughters test numbers are the same but the alleged fathers is different. All the other tests I have seen all the test numbers are the same. Has my test been tampered with?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Brittany. If two different men were tested, then you could expected the alleged fathers to have different DNA profiles. If the same man was tested twice, then it’s time to start asking the court questions.

      Reply
  90. Jesse

    I did a test through the at home identigene kit, but my results were through you guys. Is it still accurate? I made sure the swabs were correct and my results came back 99.99 possibility of paternity. But I still find myself questioning it

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jesse. HomeDNA Identigene is a DDC brand, so all testing is performed here at the DDC lab. No worries!

      Reply
  91. Anita

    After a paternity test, can the mother object the results on the ground that the child was sick and non cooperative on the day the swabs were taken?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Anita. Sickness and/or being cranky doesn’t change the child’s DNA. If results were issued for the test, then the lab had a viable sample from the child.

      Reply
  92. Bryan

    I got a result of >99.9% for possibility of paternity. Does this mean that it’s greater than 99.9% that I am the biological father?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Our paternity reports don’t have the caret in front of that number, Bryan, and I really can’t peak to the practices of other labs. That being said, you were given a 99.9% probability of paternity, which is just about as strong a result as you can gt.

      Reply
      • Bryan

        The prenatal test was performed through DDC

        Reply
        • DDC

          Ah! You didn’t mention it was a prenatal test; now it makes sense. Sorry about that! For your prenatal report, that caret does indeed mean that the probability that you are the biological father is greater than 99.9%, yes. Because several thousand markers are tested for a prenatal (instead of the standard 20 for a postnatal test), the calculation for paternity is done differently. The results do not get more granular beyond tenths. You are a daddy!

          Reply
  93. Jay

    What exactly means in the report. “Based on testing results obtained from the analyses of the DNA loci listed, the probability of relatedness is 34.6%” in a test performed between Paternal Grandmother and female grandchild? Thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      It means there is a 34.6% probability that the grandmother and child are biologically related. That is an inconclusive result.

      Reply
    • DDC

      It means there is a 34.6% probability that the grandmother and child are biologically related. That is an inconclusive result. Did the mother of the child participate? If not, she should, since that can greatly help to confirm results.

      Reply
  94. Pat

    If the baby and the alleged paternal grandfather were tested (the mother nor the paternal grandmother were not tested) and the result came back 0%, is it most likely the alleged father is excluded as the biological father? A grandparent DNA test was not used.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Pat. The test answered one question and one question only: Is the man tested the biological father of the child tested? The answer is 0% probability of paternity, which is what you would expect. It does not mean there is no chance the alleged father is the biological father.

      Reply
  95. D

    Hi, If i had an alleged father and child tested twice, both tests ran by you guys; why are the Paternity Index (PI) numbers different? Shouldn’t everything be the same since it was the same child and father?????

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, D. The most common reason for this is that, if the first test is non-chain and a race was not entered, PI numbers are based on “Other.” If the second test was a legal one and a race was entered (say, Black), then that would change the PIs also. Remember that paternity-testing is calculated using statistics.

      Reply
  96. Donna

    Donna yes my paternity test came back 99.999998 and I was just wondering is this accurate cause I never had to do this type of testing and yes it was a peace of mind test and I sent in the father and child samples in I just really conserde that r my results accurate they cause most of the numbers are the same they couldn’t use the father samples as child and how would I know if my test was tampered or anything cause I’m conserde bout my results cause my child looks so different

    Reply
    • DDC

      Donna, those are very conclusive results. You needn’t worry.

      Reply
  97. Donna

    So what you’re saying my samples didn’t get mixed with someone esles

    Reply
    • DDC

      I can’t speak for other labs’ processes, but if you tested with us, they didn’t get mixed up with anyone else’s. We have safeguards in place to prevent that. Keep in mind that many children don’t look like their biological fathers, so that shouldn’t be the criteria used to decide whether or not they’re related.

      Reply
  98. Newill

    Hi,
    I think my DNA sample was replaced and the result was produced. Can I do my individual DNA and compare to the father column. Or do I need the sample of the child as well.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Newill. If you did an at-home test and you suspect that one of the participants included someone else’s DNA instead of their own, you can do a legal test, wherein DNA collection is witnessed and samples are submitted by an approved impartial party. That way, you can ensure that the right samples are submitted for testing. An additional benefit is that results from a legal test can be used in court.

      Reply
      • Newill

        Hi I did it in presence of Cort officer and got it sealed but the part has manged them and replaced the sample or manipulated the report . So I want to do individual DNA test and compare to this report to show Cort there is a fraud in the report. Is it possible to do individual test and compare to the result submitted in Cort

        Reply
  99. Newill

    Hi I did it in presence of Cort officer and got it sealed but the part has manged them and replaced the sample or manipulated the report . So I want to do individual DNA test and compare to this report to show Cort there is a fraud in the report. Is it possible to do individual test and compare to the result submitted in Cort

    Reply
  100. Mj

    Do you guys guarantee accuracy in the prenatal tests even if the test itself isn’t AABB accredited? I got a >99.9 and am happy with the results, I just need to know if there is any way it could be wrong results? No relatives were involved and I’m not expecting multiples and I did test with ddc. Can my results be guaranteed correct?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mj. Yes, we guarantee accuracy of our prenatal test. As you mentioned, the test itself isn’t yet AABB-accredited yet, although it’s in the works.

      Reply
  101. Scott

    What is considered ‘close biological relations’. You use this term in some of the post.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Scott. Really, “close biological relations” in the context of DNA testing refer to 1st- and 2nd-degree relatives.

        Parents
        Children
        Siblings
        Half-Siblings
        Aunt/Uncles
        Grandparents/Grandchildren
        Nieces/Nephews

      “Close relations” in this context would not include great-grandparents, or any cousins.

      Reply
    • Scott

      Is an uncle to far removed to cause a false positive on the paternity test? I know a brother can cause a false positive but could an uncle?

      Reply
      • Scott

        I had my test done with DDC it came back 99.99 and a CPI of 19,000

        Reply
  102. Cherie

    After a paternity test came back showing that my daughters father was 99.99% her father and shared 24/24 markers with him, I noticed that the alleged father and I also shared 16/24 markers. Are the alleged father and I related somehow too? Could we he cousins?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Cherie. By virtue of being human beings, it’s not unusual for two unrelated people to share some of the same DNA data. You and I share some of the same data too, probably. It doesn’t mean you’re biologically related.

      Reply
      • Cherie

        Is it possible for someone at the diagnostics center to put his DNA up against my DNA to see if and how we are related since you already have our individual DNA results in your systems? In other words, if I called and asked and sent a payment in could this test be run without collecting anymore DNA from he or I? The thing is that; our daughter was diagnosed with a genetic disorder in 2014 of a 10p deletion and 12p duplication and on her test results it states “LCSH throughout the genome indicating possible familial relationship between parents”. Her genetic testing was done with blood via microarray. That is two DNA test that suggests that we could be related which freaks me out. Our family trees are a little hard to track previous to the 1920’s (great grandparents/grandparents) because of poor record keeping due to immigration and just flat out that generational time period, so I can not find the missing link on my own.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Cherie. I consulted our team of experts on this. They said you’d both need to submit your DNA again, and then determine what the relationship is that you want to test. Do you suspect you might be half siblings? We could do that. Do you suspect you’re cousins? We cannot test for that. You’re more than welcome to contact us to speak with someone directly, if that’s easier: 800-681-7162.

          Reply
  103. Donna

    Donna well I had a test done through identigene but I recieved my results from Fairfield oh ddc way and I was just wondering are u guys with that lab or what cause I recieved my results from them and they came back saying is not excluded but I was just worried cause could anything been wrong with my samples like if I didn’t have enough samples sent for child would they have used the father ones for the child I’m just scared and worried cause I never had to take a paternity test so I’m really worried bout my results please give me some feedback to this

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Donna. No worries! HomeDNA Identigene is a DDC brand and has been since DDC acquired it in December, 2016. The DDC lab is located in Fairfield, Ohio.

      Reply
  104. Donna

    Donna so does mean its one of your labs

    Reply
  105. Donna

    Donna just making sure I’m not getting any wrong results from my test

    Reply
    • DDC

      Donna, we have one lab. It’s here in Ohio and your test was performed here. You can trust your results. Thanks for testing with us!

      Reply
  106. Donna

    Donna okay thanks and I really do appreciate your help

    Reply
  107. Sar

    Sar, I have done a test through u guys and don’t know if I had enough samples sent in how would that work with my child

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sar. If the lab determines there aren’t enough samples to conduct testing, we’ll contact the responsible party to arrange for recollection. If you are issued results, then there was enough DNA. No worries!

      Reply
  108. Sar

    Sarah, How accurate are homedna paternity test with peace of mind from u guys cause I didn’t one from u guys in September and I’m still trying to figure out if the results I received accurate of what how would I really know if my results are someone esle and maybe sent me the wrong results and they were not mind like a mix up in swabs

    Reply
    • DDC

      The process in the lab for an at-home paternity test is exactly the same as it is for a court-ordered test. The DNA is extracted the same way and the analysis is done the same way. We have tight safeguards in place to prevent mix-ups, which is why our lab is so highly accredited. You can be absolutely sure your results are correct for the samples you provided us.

      Reply
  109. rebecca

    The results I got are confusing me so I’m wondering if I can send them to u and for u to explain to me coz I’m really confused

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rebecca. You’re more than welcome to email us at info@dnacenter.com or call us at 800-831-1906 and we’ll be happy to explain your results to you.

      Reply
  110. Sar

    Sarah,so how will I know if its not the father

    Reply
  111. Sar

    Sarah, can father and child swabs get mixed up when both are males

    Reply
    • DDC

      It wouldn’t happen in our lab. But let’s say someone mixes up the sample envelopes at home before sending in their samples. We don’t check for age…just for gender. So even if we test the son as the “father” and the father a the “son,” the results will be the same: they share (or don’t share) a father/son biological relationship.

      Reply
  112. Sar

    Sarah, so u think my results I received for my son were accurate even tho it was a piece of mind test cause what would it be if not I received a 99.99998 result I just scared that I got wrong results cause my son has no favor ness but I hope that they wouldn’t send out wrong results in just worried cause this my first time doin this and I brought my test from Walgreen the homedna identigene

    Reply
    • Sarah

      Sarah hello I didn’t get a answer to my comment from the 7th of December

      Reply
      • DDC

        Sarah, you needn’t worry…you can trust your results.

        Reply
  113. Alex

    Locus Child Father PI
    D8S1179 13,14 11,13 0.75
    D21S11 30,32 29,31 0.0040 *
    D7S820 8,10 10 1.95
    CSF1PO 12,11 12 1.38
    D3S1358 14,15 15,17 0.91
    D13S317 8,13 13,14 2.14
    D16S539 11,13 10,11 0.79
    D2S1338 23,24 19,24 2.17
    D19S433 13 13 3.92
    vWA 16,18 18,19 1.23
    TPOX 8,10 8 0.95
    D18S51 12,16 12,14 2.20
    D5S818 9,14 12,13 0.0024 *
    FGA 21,23 21,22 1.39
    PROBABILITY OF PATERNITY: 0.099% COMBINED PATERNITY INDEX: 0.00099
    So obviously there are the two non matches in the results above. my question would be about the other four that are zero percent. If there is a match for one of the numbers, why are they not comparable with the other numbers of greater than 1.0?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Alex. I asked our Chief Science Officer to look at your data, and this is what he said: “The CPI is inconclusive. There are 2 genetic inconsistencies (exclusions). Each exclusion is a one step exclusion where there is a one number difference between the child and alleged father’s numbers, consistent with a double mutational event. This case needs additional testing to resolve; something we can provide (only 14 loci were examined here and we and test more than 30). It also may require having the mother included in the testing, if possible. Double mutations do occur. We see several double mutational events each month.”
      It looks like further testing would be a good idea, Alex.

      Reply
      • Alex

        Whoever is doing this blog, I truly appreciate your work. This whole testing procedure (through a different company) and the results have been so disheartening personally and has put a huge strain on my relationship and trust with my wife. I’m going to go through DDC this time and hopefully put this to rest for good. She denies any infidelity of any kind and i’m more the type to believe science. If your lead person explanation of those results are correct, you have put a glimmer of hope into my life and my family’s as well. Thanks for following up on my question, for real, thank you!

        Reply
        • DDC

          Thanks for your kind words, Alex, and you’re most welcome. Happy to help! If you have additional questions, you’re welcome to reach out here again, or you can send a private Facebook message to our page: @ddcpaternity.

          Reply
  114. Jamie

    The man who could potentially be my father is deceased. I have no contact with his brothers or sister. Would the test still be accurate if I used the DNA from one of his children? If not what is the best way to get an accurate result

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jamie. The optimum way to do a half-sibling test is to test one of his children, you, and both your mothers.

      Reply
  115. Adam

    Adam I had test done through identigene and it ask to use 4 swabs for each person I’m just wondering if everything was use correct for the results I received

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Adam. HomeDNA Identigene is one of our brands, and all testing is performed here at our highly-accredited lab in Cincinnati. Each test is performed twice (by independent teams) to ensure accuracy. You can be sure your results are correct for the samples you submitted to us.

      Reply
  116. Adam

    Adam I thought the lab was in Ohio that was the address on my package when I mailed it off Fairfield ohio

    Reply
    • DDC

      Yes. Fairfield is a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio.

      Reply
  117. Adam

    Adam ok thanks I just wasn’t sure so the names that are on ur samples is what the lab uses right cause I want to make sure I had enough swabs in to receive these results

    Reply
    • Adam

      Adam message

      Reply
    • DDC

      You’re good, Adam. Your results are correct for the samples you submitted.

      Reply
  118. Dee

    Dee, hello

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hello, Dee. We cannot locate any test in our system that matches the email address you provided for this comment, and we cannot publish that comment unless we can locate the cases in question. That way, we can address your concerns properly. You’re welcome to call us at 800-831-1906 if that’s easier for you.

      Reply
  119. Sanjay

    Me (Husband), my wife and my child got tested Paternity Test with 24 Markers. All the Markers are exactly matching.
    The result is ‘Can not be exclude as Biological Father’ with Paternity Index : 99.99999999% & combined Paternity Index : 38,164,564,715.
    There was another Alleged Father who is not tested but we both are no way related to each other. He is not agreeing to give his mouth swab for test.
    I am bit worried about my test results. are my test results are okay without his test results as we both are no way related to each other?
    My heart is pumping like anything and bit nervous and anxiety.Please help.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Your probability of paternity is extremely high, so there’s nothing to worry about.

      Reply
      • Sanjay

        Thank You so much for quick response. Now I am cool down and relieved from pressure.

        Reply
        • DDC

          You’re very welcome. Take care!

          Reply
      • Sanjay

        Hi DDC,
        I have requested Alleged Father 2 for Paternity test. 15 Markers are not matching out of 24 Markers and Paternity probability is 0%.
        My earlier Paternity test are all 24 markers are matching with 99.99999999% Probability with combined Paternity Index : 38,164,564,715. I am very much happy to see these results. Thank You for with me in difficult times.

        Reply
        • DDC

          So if I understand correctly, you got an inclusion on your test while the other possible father was excluded as the biological father. We are pleased that you are happy and that we were able to confirm you biological relationship.

          Reply
  120. Chevon

    Chevon please help me on my question please cause I’m really worried bout this probability please or do I need to call somebody please answer my question

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Chevon. We are researching your question right now. If we can answer here without violating HIPAA regulations, we will. Otherwise, we’ll contact you directly, OK?

      Reply
    • DDC

      There is only one test in our system associated with these participants. It looks like you’ve called us multiple times about the results of the test you did with us; as I’m sure you understand, if you did another test with a different company, we cannot comment on those results.

      Reply
  121. Chevon

    Chevon, I did send in a comment y haven’t I got a response see now I really worried and wondering

    Reply
    • DDC

      I cannot comment on your question here, since we only have a record of one test you did with us. Instead of going back and forth here publicly (where I can’t get into specifics with you due to HIPAA), I suggest you call and speak with one of our experts confidentially.

      Reply
  122. Chevon

    Chevon, ok I understand but so with the test I do have on ur record will I still need to speak with an expert confidentiality

    Reply
    • DDC

      Yes. 🙂

      Reply
  123. Chevon

    Chevon, I did speak with a representative yesterday and she did tell me that my results were good for the samples I sent in I am just worried that they won’t cause like I said the test came back not excluded with a percentage of 99.999998 and I’m just worried that it was done wrong or I didn’t receive the right results or they got mixed up with somebody esles or I didn’t send enough swabs for my child I’m worried cause never had to do this actual test before so just please tell me if it accurate and correct cause don’t want him raising a child that’s not his. Thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Chevon, each test is performed twice by independent teams in order to ensure accuracy. Each set of samples is tracked via bar code through every step in the process, so there aren’t any mix-ups. We wouldn’t hold the highest levels of accreditation in the industry unless we had all kinds of safeguards like these in place to protect the customer and the integrity of the test. Our lab is the trusted provider of paternity testing for courts all across the country and around the world. You can trust your results are accurate.

      Reply
  124. Chevon

    Chevon, my test was a home dna test so is that the same guaranteed results that I recieved

    Reply
    • DDC

      Yes. Thanks for testing with us, and take care!

      Reply
  125. Chevon

    Chevon, hi please tell me how did I recieved the results that I recieved cause my child doesnt look like the father that was tested at all thats y I’m questioning my results something I think went wrong please help me please and yes it was a home dna test cause I don’t really know bout this cause I never had to do a test on my child and I really want him to be his father

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Chevon. Children often don’t look like their biological fathers, but if your paternity test says the father is the father, you can trust those results.

      Reply
  126. Chevon

    Chevon,the reason I’m saying this cause I never had the other one tested but he looks like the guy also really so I don’t need to test the other guy if my test came out positive rite

    Reply
  127. Chevon

    Chevon, hello

    Reply
    • DDC

      No, you don’t need to test the other man. Again, thanks for testing with us. If you have any more questions, feel free to give us a call. Take care!

      Reply
  128. Chevon

    Chevon, thanks

    Reply
  129. Malvin

    Is it possible that two DNA tests can be wrong

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Malvin. Can you give more details, please?

      Reply
  130. Chevon

    Chevon, i received another paternity test on the other guy but not with u guys and it can back positive but the test I had also did with u guys came out positive also what does this mean o my god please please help me

    Reply
    • DDC

      Are you saying that the tests were on two different men and they both came back positive? Were these legal, chain-of-custody tests?

      Reply
  131. Chevon

    Chevon, yes and no it was a home dna test

    Reply
    • DDC

      I can’t speak to the processes of other companies, but you can be sure that the results you received from DDC are accurate for the samples we were given. In fact, each test is run twice by independent teams to ensure accuracy.

      Reply
  132. Falisha

    How long do you keep a DNA siblingship testing on file. My son took a sibling ship testing with another child 14 years ago and want to know how can I retrieve those results.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Falisha. It’s one year for a non-legal test and five years for a legal test.

      Reply
  133. parvin

    hello.I gave three paternal tests in three different labs. In all three cases, Pi is a different number in each locus. What is the reason for this difference?thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Parvin. Please clarify. Are you saying each of the tests has a different Pi for the same locus?

      Reply
  134. Chevon

    Chevon, is it possible that if I sent my child and father samples in together that I had enough swabs for the child cause I’m really concerned bout these results what would it be like if not the biological father in thinking my results were mixed up

    Reply
    • DDC

      Chevon, I can’t speak for the other lab, but we have safeguards in place to prevent mix-ups.

      Reply
  135. Ashley

    I know that the locus is the physical location of a gene on a chromosome, like an address. So, is there a way to determine what biological trait is expressed using the locus codes on the report?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ashley. What a great question! Paternity tests use so-called “junk DNA” that don’t code for any traits.

      Reply
  136. Aj

    Hi what is the meaning of 0% – 50% result for the father? Does it mean he is not the biological father? Is there any chance that the dna result is wrong?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Aj. With today’s technology, results for a paternity test should be either 0% or 99%+ percentage of probability if an alleged father is directly tested with a child. The number you gave is problematic and at best is inconclusive. I suggest you call the lab where you tested and ask why you were not given more conclusive results.

      Reply
  137. Reba

    Can a paternity test be incorrect if the mother lies about her ethnicity?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Reba. Ethnicity is used only to determine the strength of a match at any given marker, to help determine CPI and probability of paternity percentage. It shouldn’t affect the actual conclusion of the test.

      Reply
  138. Chevon

    Chevon, is there anyway that u guys can look my test results up that I did with u guys and tell me if anything went wrong with the results I received cause I got a positive result but I’m thinking my test was actually not mind and received someone esle or didn’t have enough dna on my child some not rite and its a home dna test and yes I sent in my boyfriend and child swabs

    Reply
    • DDC

      Chevon, you’re always welcome to call us to discuss your results.

      Reply
  139. DW

    How accurate is a paternity test 14 years later? Meaning, the paternity test was not done until the child was 14. Can the father’s DNA change enough to skew the test over 14 years?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, DW. The DNA won’t change unless one of the parties tested undergoes a bone-marrow transplant or has had a recent blood transfusion.

      Reply
  140. Chevon

    Chevon, do dna change

    Reply
    • DDC

      No, someone’s individual DNA sequence does not change over time, unless they’ve had a bone-marrow transplant.

      Reply
  141. Jay

    I was wondering how do prenatal test results get back to us? Do they call the mother of father’s number for results? Does it get sent to the mothers doctor? Who gets the results first?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jay. Online results are always sent to a secure online account connected to the email address attached to the case. Hard-copy version of the prenatal test report is sent to whomever gave an address for delivery (either mother, possible father, or both), so it depends on how you set things up with us.

      Reply
  142. Ruth

    Hello how is the combined paternity index calculated?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ruth. The Combined Paternity Index (CPI) is obtained by multiplying all the individual Paternity Index (PI) numbers together.

      Reply
  143. Mj

    Any way my results could have been wrong? My baby is two months old and looks nothing like the person that was tested. She looks like the other guy not tested. Ddc said that the person tested was not excluded when the prenatal dna test was done. Any possible way it was a false positive? Or is it just my guilt?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mj. You can be sure your results are correct for the samples provided for your test. Physical characteristics can’t be used as proof that one person is the father over another, especially if the men are the same race…only DNA can give you that answer for certain.

      Reply
  144. Chevon

    Chevon, how would u know if you received a false positive result cause I’m very very worried bout my results I recieved and that’s a lot of money to receive wrong results I received a postive result at I did a home dna test

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Chevon. I’ve answered your question as many ways as I can for several months now and don’t know what else I can add to reassure you. You can be sure your results are accurate for the samples provided to us.

      Reply
  145. Chevon

    Chevon. Ok thanks I just don’t see my baby in his father and I just was so worried

    Reply
    • DDC

      Not all babies look like their dads.

      Reply
  146. Genesis

    How do I understand grandparent results. Would my child inherit one and one as well

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Genesis. I’m not sure what you mean by “inherit one and one.” Can you please clarify? Thanks.

      Reply
  147. Megan

    What does .9978% mean in a grandparent test?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Megan. If you wrote it correctly, that percentage is considered an exclusion, meaning there is no biological relationship between the grandparent and child.

      Reply
  148. denise

    hi, my brother in law had a paternity test on what he thought was his daughter but it came back as 0% chance that she was his but now they are saying she belongs to my husband who is only the half brother to my brother in law, is possible he can be the father when his half brother came back at 0% chance?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Denise. Yes, absolutely. Half-brothers only share 25% of their DNA.

      Reply
  149. Serenity

    Hello,
    Back in 2016 I had a paternity test done on my granddaughter. My son passed away, so my other son (his full brother) was tested, along with myself, the mother of the child and the child. My son’s biological father wasn’t available for testing. The agency that did the swab tested my son and I together in one room, while the mom and child were tested in another room. The individual conducting the test filled out the paperwork as if my son being tested was the father (he’s the father’s brother), and his race was marked as “white”, but he’s 1/2 hispanic/latino. When we received the test results it showed 20% probability of my son being the biological father and that the population compared was “white” population. So, is it possible that the results we received are a False NEGATIVE? This little girl is my world, and the only connection I have left to my son. I love her regardless, I’m just wondering if the negligence of the person conducting the test could have resulted in the negative results of the test?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Serenity. It definitely sounds like you need to do another test. The race doesn’t matter nearly as much as the misidentified relationship of the child’s uncle. I’m also really surprised that they gave you a 20% probability of relationship for a paternity test where a supposed “alleged father” was involved. For a paternity test that involves a child and alleged father, the results given should be 99.9% or higher for an inclusion or 0% for an exclusion.

      Reply
  150. Louise

    Hi,
    My child has the genetic mutation oesteogenisis type 2. The paternity test done with the alleged father returned negative. He matched with 14 alleles out of 21 in the home test, could the test be negative because of the mutation or is he definitely not the father?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Louise. Mutations are taken into account by our scientists when doing their analysis. Inasmuch as there were seven mismatches and not just one, you can be sure the man tested is definitely not the biological father of the child. It’s not unusual for unrelated people to match at many loci, just by virtue of being human and there is so much DNA we share. For example, I might match the man tested at 14 loci too, but that doesn’t mean we might be related. The key for a positive result for paternity is to have a match at every locus (barring any mutations), since a child gets one allele at each locus from mom and one from dad. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  151. Nicole

    I did a dna with my child’s possible grandmother (father’s mom) with only hers an my son’s dna (the store bought dna test) and it come back that she was no relation to my son but I know for a fact her son was the only person I was with besides my ex husband which was already tested an come back negative is it possible to get a fasle test result with a grandma ? She doesn’t believe me an I need help!!! ?

    Reply
  152. Nicole

    Adding to my last comment .. I actually did not test my ex husband against my son I tested our son together which I know for a 100% fact is his son an they came back half siblings which is how I knew that my ex husband was not the father of my new son. But I know the man whos mother I tested has to be his father because there isn’t another possibility I only slept with my husband and him that’s it so it has to be possible for one of them to come back as false correct ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Nicole. If the DNA samples submitted were indeed for the alleged grandmother and your son, then you can trust results to be accurate if you used an accredited laboratory.

      Reply
  153. Rita

    Hi I did a DNA test in 2017 but me and my son did it in a lab in Brooklyn by and the father played for it the result take 3 months but a month before the results I got a call from a private number the person say to me I get the date of birth of both you and you son and the name I gave it to them after I said to that person if you have all the information why are you calling it 2 months gone my ? How long those a DNA test take and the father call me with the result saying it’s negative he is not the father and I never get a copied of the results he lives in Texas I have no proof he did a DNA only he have the result I’m thinking to do a test with one of his uncle to get the result can I do that ?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rita. That seems like a very long time to get results from the test, yes. And also yes, you can do a test with one of the alleged father’s siblings or one of his other known children. I suggest you contact us directly to see what your best options are: 800-681-7162.

      Reply
  154. Suresh

    Hi DDC,
    There are two Possible fathers involved for Paternity.
    Me (Alleged Father 1),My Wife and my child had been tested for 24 Markers Paternity Test. All of my child Markers are inherited from Mother and AF 1.
    Test results are The alleged father can not be excluded as being the biological father of the child with Probability of Paternity is >99.99999999% and Combined Paternity Index 38,164,564,715.
    There was 2nd test done with Alleged Father 2,Mother and Child had been tested for Paternity test. 15 Markers were not matching out of 24 Markers .
    Test results are The alleged father is excluded as being the biological father of the child with Probability of Paternity is 0% and Combined Paternity Index 0.
    My Question here is who is the Father of the Child? Whether Alleged Father 1 or Alleged Father 2?
    I am the alleged Father 1.Do I need to do some other tests to prove my Paternity. Please help me.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Suresh. Alleged Father 1 is considered the biological father, and that is an extremely strong CPI. You don’t need another test.

      Reply
  155. Daddy?

    First, thank you (whoever you are) for answering all of these questions. Great work! My question is about race and CPI. I see a lot of CPI numbers at 1,000,000 or above. Mine was 229,542. For race, I put black/white for both my son and I. The mother’s DNA sample was not used. I feel like my CPI is low compared to others. Thoughts?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Thanks for the compliment…that’s very kind of you! CPI is obtained by multiplying together the individual paternity index numbers at each genetic locus tested. The individual PI numbers are determined by how frequently that data is seen at that locus for the ethnic population listed. The more rare the data is at that locus, the higher the CPI. It may just be that you and the child have some of the more “commonly seen” data in your profiles, but of course that doesn’t mean you’re any less his/her father. The way you can read your results is: the chance that someone else is the father other than you is 229,542 to 1. The chances of the mother having slept with that one person are pretty dang low. Yes, yours is a lower CPI than 1,000,000 or above, but if you were given a probability of paternity of 99.9% or higher (and I’m assuming you were), that’s the most important part.

      Reply
  156. Jody

    If a guy test 87% is their a chance another guy could be the father.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jody. Was this a paternity test that analyzed samples from a possible father, child, and maybe the mother? If so, an 87% probability of paternity is definitely considered inconclusive. I’m a little surprised a lab would give that result, because a good accredited lab would add the mother’s sample to testing (if it wasn’t done to begin with) and test additional markers until a conclusive result one way or the other could be reached.

      Reply
  157. simon

    Hi DDC
    if your paternity results comes as 93,4% mother not tested, does this mean that when she is tested this can come 99.9% even you always know that you used a condom

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Simon. No, her participation won’t necessarily make the difference between getting inconclusive results (as you did) and conclusive ones. Did you get your paternity test done recently? Because with today’s technology and techniques, there’s no reason to get an inconclusive result. You may want to call the lab where you tested and start asking questions.

      Reply
  158. simon

    Hi DDC
    if I understand 93.4% doesn’t make me the father as I got the results yesterday. and on the report of the paternity it says as follows: ” the mother should be included in this test in order to determine whether the alleged father can be excluded as the biological father.”

    Reply
    • DDC

      Oh OK. Those details are helpful, but without seeing the data it’s hard to comment on specifics. But I can say this:
      1) Adding the mother can definitely help determine conclusive results or it can make no difference at all
      2) Adding the mother can help exclude the father or it can help include the father
      3) In our opinion, the lab you used should not have said “determine whether the alleged father can be excluded as the biological father.” They have no way of knowing at this point whether adding the mother will result in an inclusion or an exclusion
      4) There is no good reason today that a lab should ever issue an inconclusive result on a paternity test with an alleged father and child. Before issuing any results, they should have asked for the mother’s DNA or tested additional markers until they could give conclusive results

      Reply
      • simon

        Hi DDC
        the Combined paternity index=14.2154278
        the Probability of paternity = 93.427724%
        I would have loved to copy and paste the data but it doesn’t allow me on this so that you can study that data. I am just worried I am not forced to be a father wrongly in this regard as I am told only now after 18years that I am suspected to be the father of the child I don’t know.
        last question if I may ask, in your opinion 1-10 will above results change to 99.9% if the mother of the child is does the test.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Speaking generally, for an inclusion, the CPI needs to be at least 100. I cannot give you an opinion without seeing all the data, I’m afraid. Again, I strongly suggest you contact the lab and ask why they cannot provide conclusive answers for you by testing additional genetic markers. This is something they can do even without the mother. Or you can do another test with a different lab.

          Reply
  159. simon

    Hi DDC
    I have copied the data as per the results I received, so that if you check for me 1-10 if will below results change to 99.9% if the mother of the child does the test;
    STR LOCUS M0THER CHILD ALLEGED FATHER PATERNITY INDEX
    D8S1179 13/14 14/15 O.820
    D21S11 28/28 28/27 1.567
    D7S820 10/9 9/11 1.667
    CSF1PO 12.11 11/8 1.302
    D3S1358 16/16 16/15 1.370
    THO1 7/9 9/8 1.471
    D13S317 11/12 12/14 0.661
    D16S539 11/12 12/9 1.667
    D2S1338 23/19 19/19 2.941
    D19S433 12/13 13/12 1.375
    Vwa 14/17 15/15 0.185
    TPOX 6/11 11/9 0.887
    D18S51 16/17 18/19 0.455
    D5S818 11/11 11/12 2.304
    FGA 22/23 23/25 1.429
    X/X X/Y
    Combined paternity index=14.2154278
    Probability of paternity = 93.427724%
    thanks for your patience, explaining to me.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Thanks for this. Here is our conclusion based on what you gave us: Adding the mother would likely resolve the case. There is nothing to indicate an exclusion from the data presented. In other words, it’s important to add the mother, but in doing so, the results could go either way.

      Reply
  160. Michael

    I just got test results back and only have a combine paternity index of 3,841,402. There seems to be many that arent the same on the chart. I was wondering if I was reading the chart wrong and if the collum of which each number is located is what i should be comparing or is it the rows? Also with my paternity index # is it possible for the father to be someone else?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Michael. Without your results in front of me, it’s hard to comment on specifics about whether you’re reading the chart wrong or which comparisons you’re trying to make. I’m assuming you looked through the article you’re commenting on, right? It should have some answers for you. A combined paternity index of 3,841,402 is actually quite high, which strengthens your results. As to whether or not it’s possible for someone else to be the father, paternity-testing is always a matter of statistics, since it’s impossible to test every man in the world with your ethnic background. This is why a probability of paternity can never be 100%. But the odds of someone else being the biological father other than you (the mother sleeping with that 1 in 3,841,402 man who’s not you) are infinitesimally small. If your test had been a legal one with court-admissible results, any court would deem your report as proof of paternity.

      Reply
  161. Mj

    Are prenatal dna tests court admissable? Are you guys accredited yet for the non invasive prenatal paternity test? Do you guarantee results? What is natera? I have been reading alot of reviews where one of your locations was shut down due to inaccurate results. Is this true? Sorry I just want peace of mind. I did a prenatal test done with you guys ddc

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mj. Thanks for testing with us! I’ll answer each of your questions one by one.
      1. Yes, results for prenatal DNA tests that are chain-of-custody (legal) tests can be used in court
      2. Our prenatal test is THIS close to being AABB-accredited (we are finishing up and implementing some additional processes). Once we can claim AABB accreditation, ours will be the only test that can do so
      3. As a highly-accredited lab, you can be sure results are correct
      4. Natera is a leader in prenatal DNA testing of all kinds, and we partner with them in providing this test
      5. No DDC location has ever been shut down due to inaccurate results or for any other reason

      Reply
  162. Maggie

    148,307,854,821,701 can this be an paternity index number looks like a fake number

    Reply
    • DDC

      Well, that is certainly a high Combined Paternity Index, but it is perfectly legit. All it means is that some or many of the shared alleles between alleged father and child were rare for the population. When all these rare data points are multiplied together, the resulting number can be in the trillions or even higher.

      Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Maggie. Well, that is certainly a high Combined Paternity Index, but it is perfectly legit. All it means is that some or many of the shared alleles between alleged father and child were rare for the population. When all these rare data points are multiplied together, the resulting number can be in the trillions or even higher.

      Reply
  163. Angelique

    Hello,
    I received a in home from another company. All of the DNA (16 LOCI) matched w/ the alleged father. However, I did not use my DNA as well. When I look at his other child (with another mother) my child only matches that child’s DNA by at 4 markers-that test was performed by DDC (they would be half siblings). Does this sound like I should retest? I have two other children by the alleged father and they have very similar looks. The child in question does not favor him at all and if she didn’t come out of me I’d question her myself.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Angelique. Looks are never an absolute determinant of paternity. Many kids don’t look like either of their biological parents or their siblings. The two children matching at 4 markers is actually consistent, since they only share 25% of the same DNA.

      Reply
  164. Mack

    Hi. I had my alleged son and I covertly tested almost a week ago and the results came back 0%. He was breastfed less than an hour before I swabbed his cheeks. Is there a possibility that the mothers dna from the breast milk may have affected the samples? And should I retest?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mack. Breast milk can’t change DNA…it can only affect the quality of the sample. But since you were issued results, contamination wasn’t an issue. No need to retest.

      Reply
  165. Lynn

    Myself, my son and the alleged father had a paternity test done in 1996. My son’s blood was taken from his little arm–he was 6 months old. The cheeks were swapped from my mouth and the alleged father’s mouth. The results were mailed to each of our home addresses. His result printout stated he was excluded due to 0% probability. My result printout stated that the test was inconclusive due to 50% probability that he was the father. How is it possible that we got two totally different results from the same test? We took the test at the lab that the child support enforcement agency sent us to in our local county. The courts refused to allow us to take another test unless we paid $900 which is $300 per person. We never retested, my son is now 23 years old and a college graduate. Should we try again and do a home dna test? I did test one other man in 1996 because I was dating both men and the result printouts stated 0% for the other man as all three of us were swabbed. I know this is a long question, but please help. Thanks!

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Lynn. Yes, something is fishy with your original reports. It’s a great idea to test again, especially since the technology is so much better and your original test was done 23 years ago.

      Reply
  166. Tiffani

    Is it possible to have a paternity index number in the trillions?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Although it is comparatively rare, yes.

      Reply
  167. Jay

    I did paternity tests for my 3 children. Their combined paternity indices are as follow:
    (1) 18,470,350
    (2) 76,419,023
    (3) 1,519
    Is the 3rd child mine or not? 
    Why is her index low compared to others?
    My wife once said he may not be mine

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Jay. It’s not unusual at all for a CPI to be low on one child when the others are much higher. It just means that the genes that the child shares with you are more common to the general population for your ethnic background and therefore each PI number is lower. You were given an inclusion, which is what matters most. Seeing as your wife raised the issue of that child possibly not being yours, it may be worth asking if the other possible father is a 1st-degree relative of yours, such as a brother or father.

      Reply
  168. Chevon

    Chevon, I receive my results with a 99.999998% back last year in September and I’m still worried bout my results being wrong and I did a at home paternity test I sent my child and the fathers in is there a possibility that the father and child swabs were mixed up and used to get the results I received cause my child does not favor his dad for the results I received please help I’m still worried

    Reply
    • DDC

      The samples were not mixed up. We follow very strict processes at DDC. However, even if the alleged father and boy child’s swabs happened to get mixed up, the results would still be the same, since this test cannot determine age of participants.

      Reply
  169. Chevon

    He was 2months and the father was 36 so u saying they were the correct results for the test I recieved

    Reply
    • DDC

      If you tested with us, you can be sure the results are correct for the samples we were provided.

      Reply
  170. zikhona

    please show the hole form of DNA test if the father is a match

    Reply
  171. Megan

    Hey, I sent in my samples today for me, my daughter and her father. One of the swabs for my daughter broke but it didn’t completely break off? Will they still be able to collect dna from the swab even though it was bent a little and a little broke off but not completely. I am so nervous and just don’t want the results to be messed up.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Megan. The chance of one of the swabs not being viable for testing is one of the reasons why we have participants provide multiple swabs. If there is enough DNA on the others, there won’t be any problem. Also, the lab might still be able to use the sample from the bent one depending on the extent of the damage. No worries! If there are any issues at all, the lab will suspend testing and we’ll send you new recollection swabs free of charge. But chances are good that won’t be necessary.

      Reply
  172. kathy w.

    I was wondering if I did an at-home DNA test would the lab sign the bottom to ensure that the test was indeed tested by professionals the results that I have received has no signature at the bottom so I was just curious. please help me if possible.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kathy. I cannot speak for other labs: only for DDC. We only put names of participants and laboratory signatures on chain-of-custody tests, since these types of tests are accredited and identities of the participants have been independently verified. With at-home tests, we have no way of verifying if the samples we are given to test actually belong to who our customers say they do, and so participant names are not included, nor does the report include a director signature. That being said, customers who order at-home tests from DDC can be sure that their samples go through the exact same process during testing as chain-of-custody tests and that results are accurate for the samples we were provided. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  173. Marty

    Hi when sending results in a court ordered case do you DDC SEND results that are crooked and photo copied with the word copy hand written in red to the alleged father? or do you send a original result

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Marty. No…we send a copy of the original result.

      Reply
  174. linda

    Received a DNA report and under fathers name it says “Private Designation” what does this mean?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Linda. None of us here at DDC has ever heard of that phrase being used in conjunction with DNA testing. Sorry! You’ll need to contact the lab that issued it, most likely.

      Reply
  175. Cassie

    Hey when y’all email y’all test results what do it say at the top this concerning case 34330713 this test look very fake

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Cassie. Do you have a test report you’re trying to confirm is legitimate? I suggest you contact us directly via our Facebook page so that you can attach the report and our experts can have a look at it. Thanks! https://www.facebook.com/DDCPaternity/

      Reply
  176. Desperate Woman

    Hello DDC, I hope you can answer my questions as I’m borderline crazy and paranoid. I did 2 separate peace of mind paternity tests, one for my oldest child and husband without neither one’s knowledge and on the second one I included my youngest child because that’s how paranoid I am. For their sample on the first test I used a nonstandard sample (toothbrush) for father and child and for myself I was swabbed at the collection facility which is contracted by you guys, so DDC did the testing. They explained about first making sure of the viability of the samples (toothbrushes) and the extraction of enough DNA which they were viable and they got enough DNA. They tested 17 markers and the child and alleged father matched at all loci the CPI is 2,608,735,487 with me included and POP is 99.99999996%. This has been an emotional rollercoaster for me and I’m so paranoid and doubtful so I decided to do a second test because my mind doesn’t stop nagging and telling me it must be a false positive because there’s a second possible father
    who is NOT related to my husband in any way. so I did a second test but this time my DNA wasn’t included and since I was so paranoid I also included my second child which I have no doubt about paternity whatsoever, but since my mind is toying with me really bad I did it. This second time I used buccal swabs for both children and a toothbrush for husband without anyone’s knowledge. I used the same collection facility but a different branch location, because I thought they would use a different lab but they are also contracted by you guys, so DDC did the testing again and this time 20 markers were tested for both children and father, they matched at all 20 loci with him giving a POP of child #1( previously tested) 99.999997% and CPI of 4,836,323 child #2 (first time tested) POP of 99.9999998% and CPI of 5,002,930. Are these results correct even though my DNA wasn’t used? I’ve read mother’s DNA has to be included in order to get an accurate result. Also there’s a second possible father for child #1 but he is NO way related to my husband in any way, but like I said I get so anxious and start questioning the results to the point of considering doing a 3rd test with the second man. Can i trust the results of these 2 tests? should I retest again with that other man? I have another question, if my husband were to do an ancestry test with the children will those results show him and the children as first degree relatives? I’m so afraid these paternity tests are positive here but not on an ancestry test. Is saliva DNA the same as cheek DNA? Also one more question, (I’m sorry) is it possible for father and children to have the same pair of alleles on one or two Loci ex.
    TPOX- 8|9 • 8|9 • 8|9
    D22S1045- 15|16 • 15|16 • 15|16
    D2S441- 10|14 • 10| • 10|14
    (child1, child2, father) is this something for me to worry about or is it something that can affect the results in anyway? Are both tests reliable even though in the first one (me included) they only tested 17 markers? The loci they didn’t test me on in the first paternity test are THO1, TPOX, D16S539 are these important markers? Will they change the results of the first test had they been used? Please HELP I’m going crazy with all these doubts! I thank you in advance for taking the time to read and answer my questions. Please, please help!

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi. You can trust the results of both tests. Although a mother’s participation in a paternity test can help to strengthen results, her DNA is usually not necessary in order to get conclusive results. Those CPI numbers are very strong as are the probabilities of paternity, and had you done legal tests, these reports would be concerned proof of paternity by a court. No need to worry!

      Reply
      • Desperate Woman

        So, what about them having same alleles in those markers?
        I read that if the mother’s DNA isn’t used there’s no way to know which allele comes from the father and which one comes from the mother is this true? Also if my husband is NOT excluded as the father does this mean I don’t have to test the other man anymore? And is DNA the same whether is saliva or buccal swab? And the markers I wasn’t tested on will those make a difference at all in the results? Believe me I want these positive results because I dont want my family to be torn apart because of a stupid mistake I made years ago. I had never ever doubted the paternity of my oldest child but one day all of the sudden I did and it’s not a fun feeling. I hope you can elaborate a little more on your answer. I truly appreciate your information.

        Reply
  177. Hannah

    Do you always test the same markers for paternity? What I mean is if you test between 16 to 24 markers are those specifically separated for paternity tests only? If not when and why do you test different ones? I’ve seen several samples online from different labs and they all seem to have the same markers, in different order but all the same.

    Reply
    • DDC

      I cannot speak for other labs: only ours. DDC uses 20 standard markers for paternity + the amelogenin (sex) gene, which include the CODIS markers used by law enforcement for identification purposes. We test as many markers as necessary to obtain conclusive results and/or to get a probability of inclusion over 99.9%.

      Reply
  178. Laura

    If a paternity test came back with a 99.999996% this establishes paternity of an alleged father right? So my question is, is DNA the same whether you use saliva or cheek swab, meaning if I do one of those 23and me/ancestry test with the father and child will the results come back as them having a father/daughter/son relation? Regardless of any ancestry test used DNA doesn’t change does it??

    Reply
    • DDC

      If you do an ancestry test, Laura, it will come back as showing that paternal relationship.

      Reply
  179. Ceek

    I have tested only 1 father with 3 separate prenatal paternity tests, one test being from DDC. They have all yielded the same result, 99.9% not excluding the father of my hoping. My only concern is that my early ultrasound and due dates seem to match better with the other man. Am I correct in assuming that a) all 3 DNA tests are accurate and it would be pretty much impossible to have 3 incorrect results, and b) DNA is more science based than ultrasound and due date measurements? Just wondering if I should be concerned or if it is my guilty conscience making me worry. Thank you for all the work you do here reading these messages has given me much hope and confidence in DDC.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ceek. Thanks for your kind words. I’ll answer your questions in order
      (a) Even if their conclusion is the same as ours, I cannot speak for other companies’ prenatal paternity tests: I can only speak for DDC, and that you can trust our test’s results
      (b) The two sciences are really apples and oranges. I can only say that we stand behind our test results and you can rest assured they are correct

      Reply
  180. Kaley

    Hello,
    I just had a prenatal test done through you guys and got the 99.9% I was hoping for. The two guys are both Hispanic and I’m sure they are not related. But I have these questions to ask. Does being the same race have anything to do with the testing? I know they aren’t brothers but what if they are cousins or distant cousins. Would they be able to tell on DNA sequence that this is a relative being tested or the actual father? Would they be able to tell the difference? I’m sorry I’m not trying to Offend ddc its my head coming up with all these scenarios. I know i put myself in this position i just need some clarity. Thank you.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kaley. You’re not offending DDC at all. It’s normal to want to ask questions! A distant-cousin relationship has no effect on a paternity test, whether it’s prenatal or postnatal. The reason race is asked for when testing is because race helps analysts determine the strength of the matches at different genetic locations.

      Reply
  181. Danny

    My girlfriend just had the prenatal paternity test done and I have my doubts. We got 99.9% that did not excluded me, how accurate is this? What happens if the results are wrong when the baby is born? Have you guys had false positives before? If have, how many? Have you guys have had people trying to sue you for inaccurate result? What are my chances of these test being wrong? Thanks for answering my absurd questions.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Danny. Your questions aren’t absurd at all. Our chain-of-custody prenatal test is the only one accredited by the AABB, which means our processes and standards are the very best in the industry and we have controls in place to ensure nothing goes wrong. The only way a “false positive” could occur is if there is another untested possible father who is a close relation to the man being tested. For example, a brother or father. That’s why we emphasize that customers need to tell us ahead of time if this is the case so that we can perform additional testing, if necessary. You can absolutely trust the results and we stand behind their accuracy 100%.

      Reply
      • Danny

        Thank you for answering my questions thoroughly. I have some other questions, I apologies I just want to get every question answered I have floating in my head. My gf briefly described how the test is performed, I know how collection goes but how do they give me the 99.9% and someone else the 0%. Should we test the other guy too? How do they test the genes and if so how many are compared. I have the paper in front of me and it says Paternity determined by 1655 SNP informative loci out of 2304 tested loci for generate probability of paternity. I thought I read some where that you guys test 300,000 gene. I’m a little confused on the wording. Thank you again for reading my long message.

        Reply
        • DDC

          The chances of another man being the father when you are given a 99.9% probability of paternity are practically non-existent, unless the other alleged father happens to be a close relative of yours like your brother or father. The information you provided about how many genes are tested is correct. I’m not sure where you get the 300,000 number, because that’s not us.

          Reply
          • Danny

            I thought I read on the website something about 300,000 genes being use to get the results I must be reading it wrong. I have one last question, I’ve call to clarify how you guys get the results and its a bit confusing when I hear it over the phone can you explain to me on here how they determine the father? How they get probability? How many markers they use and what excludes a person from being the father. Thank you for answering my questions things are settling better for me.

          • DDC

            Because the test is proprietary, I’m not going to go into the weeds about the details of analysis. But I can tell you that we analyze 2,688 genetic markers. Because we have to isolate free-floating fetal DNA, the process for testing is different than it is for a postnatal test that analyzes at least 21 markers. Once we have all the data, the probability of paternity is determined in the same way it is for a postnatal. The science on this test is sound, trusted, and published. If you did a chain-of-custody test (with DNA collection being supervised), our test is AABB-accredited.

  182. Lani

    I have some questions regarding a DDC NIPPT that i know are a little illogical but I am afraid as my due date nears. I got the result I wanted which is 99.9% my partner.
    – if I was issued results that means my swabs were good? I am still worried I somehow contaminated them as I collected and sent them in for the alleged father.
    – I used a partner of DDC, any lab test now, to collect my blood and send it in. There isn’t any chance that they didn’t really send it in or didn’t actually use DDC is there? The letterhead is DDC and it is signed by Debra and looks legit and like other people’s that have also used DDC.
    Thank you again for providing this forum it has provided so much comfort.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Lani. You can be confident your test results are accurate.

      Reply
  183. Kaley

    Hi again.
    I just want to make sure somethings. The Chain of Custody you guys do during NIPP makes sure the fetal DNA isn’t compared to the mothers DNA? Do you guys even look at mothers DNA? And one more thing my test says Natera at the bottom? Do they work with you? Are they AABB certified? Thank you so much!

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kaley. The mother’s DNA is used to help isolate the fetal DNA. Natera is our partner in prenatal testing and their lab is CAP certified. Our chain-of-custody non-invasive prenatal paternity test is AABB accredited.

      Reply
  184. Sara

    A lab I did my NIPPT with claims that they are in partnership with you guys. I received my one page results, that has a DDC header at the top. I would like to know if there is any way I can send it to you to get it legitimized or give the company name.

    Reply
  185. Mary

    Hi, I had two alleged half siblings do a DNA test with my paternal aunt and it came back 99.95%. They then did a half sibling test with me and got 99.99% to be my sister with 5 million to one on half sibling index. I tested with another alleged half sibling and she is also 99.99% but with 91,176 to one on half sibling index. How is this? Shouldn’t they share more dna with my aunt if the tests are accurate. Also. Tests were done at the same lab. And on their names they were able to insert a middle name that’s not their real middle name. How can that happen if when I went they do a id check and finger scan?? Could they not have done this at the lab they went to? They set up the whole tests over the phone FYI

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mary. The probability of relationship difference between 99.95% and 99.99% isn’t of any real significance, so you have no need to worry. As for the differences in Combined Relationship Indexes, that has to do with the strength of the matches in each test, which is bound to be different since the tests are between different people. For example, the CRI between me and my sister might be 1,000,000 to 1, whereas with my brother and me it’s 500,000 to 1. It doesn’t mean we’re any “less” related…it just means that the strength of the data that my brother and I happen to share isn’t as rare as the DNA matches between my sister and me. As for the middle names, I can’t comment on that since I don’t have all the information about it. Hope this helps!

      Reply
  186. Robin

    I did the peace of mind Non Invasive Prental Paternity test . I tested at exactly 7 weeks – results came back that excluded the alleged father which is what I was hoping for, but I am so fearful it is not accurate. Even though I ordered the peace of mind test, we “accidentally” went through the entire chain of command at the collections center we went to together. Id’s verified and photo copied by the nurse, all samples signed and sealed by the nurse etc. The chain of command on the test was absolutely followed. Because I am paranoid I am hoping to get court admissible test results. Do I need to do the entire process over? The records will show that the chain of command was absolutely met every step of the way. Had anyone explained to me that my report would not be signed off on or not contain names I would have absolutely chosen the court admissible test from the jump. I asked what the difference was and was told they were exactly the same – just one was official legal documentation which I do not need. I am scared my results are not accurate and really need reassurance.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Robin. Unless the case is set up as a chain-of-custody case at the time of purchase, results cannot be used for court, even if the DNA-collection site follows chain-of-custody procedure, which they often do. Once samples arrive at the lab, the testing process is exactly the same for a peace-of-mind test as it is for a legal test and you can absolutely trust the results.

      Reply
      • Robin

        Thank you! I appreciate the prompt response and am going to trust the process as I know that the samples came from the right people as wee were both there. Any sort of lab mixup is an impossibility correct? The sample #’s on the report both start with the same code and mine has -10 by the blood sample and his -30 by the buccal swab. I assume that these are barcodes that were on the samples sent in correct?

        Reply
        • DDC

          No mix-ups. The 7-digit number is the case associated with the report, and the numbers 10 and 30 indicate the role in the test, with 10 being the code for mother and 30 being the code for the possible father being tested.

          Reply
  187. kadia

    hello I was wondering what does “can be excluded” means on the results and the probability is 59.9999% I dnt quite understand the probability

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kadia. What question were you trying to get answered with your DNA test? Was is a paternity/aunt/uncle/sibling/grandparent?

      Reply
  188. Kay

    Hi, DDC
    I have another question in fetal DNA. If i had a miscarriage a month or two before this pregnancy that didn’t even reach 6Weeks. Is there a way they could have confused old fetal DNA with the new one? I tested around 16 weeks during this pregnancy. Thank you so much again.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kay. No, that’s not possible. Any DNA from the previous pregnancies would flush out of your system quite quickly.

      Reply
      • Kay

        Thank you!! Also if they would have found two sets of DNA would they have stopped the testing and notified me? Thanks(:

        Reply
  189. Hannah

    I am sure I must be the oldest person who took a DNA test to confirm my father was my father. For many years my sister told me I was adopted. A friend told me about the in home test and I bought one. My father was dying in his 80’s and I am in my 60’s. My parents were married for 55 years, my mother passed away in her 70’s and a couple years ago I sat watching my father die. I had bought the test and when he was sleeping and his mouth was wide open, I swabbed him twice. Days later he died, I mailed off the DNA sample with shaky hands. A week later I returned from his funeral and not long after the results arrived in the mail. My hands were shaking and I thought, why am I doing this, what if he wasn’t my father! I would have been heartbroken and certainly couldn’t ask him questions. I opened it and to my relief he is my father and always will be. I cried like a baby and felt guilty for even wondering, but now I know for sure and if I hadn’t done it, there would never be another chance. So you siblings out there that tell your little brother or sister they are adopted as a joke; it can stick with a child forever. And for those of you who have been teased by a sibling and told your adopted and you are older, I strongly recommend testing to put your mind at ease. Thank you to DDC for confirming my dad was my dad.

    Reply
    • DDC

      What am amazing story, and thanks for sharing. So glad we could help give you peace of mind, Hannah.

      Reply
  190. Sara

    When taking the Non invasive prenatal test if the guy 1 kisses someone else and drinks water or eats before getting his checks swabbed does this affect the test? And if you had abortion in the past with another guy (Guy 2 didn’t test) does it affect your dna and the test to be an exclusion?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sara. Neither of these would affect the results of your test.

      Reply
      • Sara

        Okay do any any infections during pregnancy or diseases affect the test? Or any infection or disease for the guy for the buccal can affect it as well? Thank you, I’m extremely worried.

        Reply
  191. Robin

    Should the numbers on the labels of the blood vial and buccal swabs that are received in the kit match the test number under the sample type on your report?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Robin. I hesitate to answer your question without having a conversation to determine exactly what you’re asking about. Please contact our customer-service line and we’ll be happy to clarify for you. Thanks!

      Reply
  192. Kelly

    I recently purchased a legal chain of custody Non Invasive Prenatal Paternity test from DDC. In the very beginning when they explained to me how it works they confirmed DDC has it’s own lab and they do ALL the testing there and no other lab does it. When I received the results it said:
    Probability of paternity was performed by Natera Inc and provides their address. Why if DDC promotes their own lab and testing? Nobody could explain that. Also, if a amniocentesis test with DNA is performed, the results should be the same correct??

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Kelly. Thanks for testing with us. We do indeed perform all DNA testing here. Natera is our business partner and they provide the analysis. I wonder if you misunderstood what our team told you: We are the only lab that offers this AABB-approved test, and Natera does not offer this analysis through any other company. Of course, all data is completely confidential and is not used for any other purpose other than your test. If the DNA for the same man is submitted for a test using an amniotic sample from the mother, then the results will be the same, yes. If you have other questions, you’re welcome to contact us directly at 800-303-9085.

      Reply
      • Kelly

        My concern is that on the actual results I got back, the last paragraph reads just that:
        Probability of paternity was performed by Natera Inc.. then it list their address.
        Basically makes it awwm as they were the ones that ran the labs for me. I can Sens you a copy if you would like. I just sont understand why Natera would even be on my results whatsoever.

        Reply
        • Kelly

          I’m still waiting g on a response to this..

          Reply
          • DDC

            Hi, Kelly. I did answer your question, so I’m not sure why you say you didn’t get a response?

  193. Katrina

    Hi. I wanted to know if the alleged father is actually the grandparent of the child, how does the result will look like? Surely not 99.99% right? I believe my ‘father’ is actually my grandfather and he is hiding things because of an unknown reason.
    Can I still order this at home test and perform DNA testing if this is the case? Or do I need some other kind of test to prove he is my grandparent?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Katrina. You should start with a paternity test. But it’s extremely important to notify the lab ahead of time that you suspect he may be your grandfather instead. This way, they can take that knowledge into consideration when performing the analysis. Since your circumstance is a special one, I suggest you not order online and instead contact us directly to speak with one of our experts. That way, they can insure all the necessary info about your suspicions is included in the case notes and that the case is set up properly: 800-681-7162 (M-F, 8 am to 8 pm Eastern).

      Reply
  194. Danny

    Hello,
    I am from a small town. and I had a non-invasive prenatal paternity test through you guys and it came back that I am 99.9% the father. I know the other guy, he is not my brother or first cousin. But my mind keeps coming up with these stupid scenarios of being distant relatives. If that happened to be “true” could I have got a false positive? could our DNA share that much similarity? I read above that first cousins don’t cause a false positive which gives me relief is that true?
    Adding to my question above..
    Since I did a legal Non-Invasive prenatal test can DDC take another look at my results and see to make sure I couldn’t be a distant relative to the child? I am the only one who can be tested. or do we have to re-test..

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Danny. Distant relatives have no bearing on this test whatsoever. The only way there could be a “false positive” is if the other man were a first-degree relative (father, brother, son, etc.). You and a distant relative simply don’t share enough DNA in common for it to affect your test one way or the other. No worries! You are the father with a 99.9% probability, which is extremely conclusive.

      Reply
      • Danny

        Thank you so much!

        Reply
        • DDC

          You’re very welcome, Danny.

          Reply
      • Kelly

        Hey Danny..does your results also say that the probability of paternity was performed by Nstera and not DDC??

        Reply
  195. Danny

    Yes, mine does say Natera on it. I’ve done a lot of research and isn’t DDC partners with Natera.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Yes, Danny. You are absolutely right. We partner with Natera on this test.

      Reply
  196. Danny

    Hi again DDC.
    This will be my last question asking about this. So when it comes to first cousin both being possible fits for the father and one was only tested and came back 99.9% the father. Should the test be redone with other cousin and if he cant, what can be done? Do cousins share that much DNA for a false inclusion?

    Reply
    • DDC

      First cousins only share about 12.5% of their DNA, and for other cousins it’s even less. There is no need to worry.

      Reply
      • Kelly

        When I called Natera to see if they ran my labs they said they cant find my name in their database nor do they so these types of test anymore. This is what causes more confusion to me as to why it would have that wording on there in reference to Natera. They confirmed to me that they do not run the test and many years ago they were partners with DDC but not anymore? So confused about this. If you call any lab no matter who it is that ran your labs, they will confirm they did it and provide information once you answer their questions.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Unfortunately, you were completely misinformed, Kelly. And it’s not really true that any lab will provide information once questions are answered. For example, we have corporate partners around the world who use our lab only to provide testing. If one of their clients reaches out to us directly about their test, we are required to have them contact our corporate partner instead. We cannot provide any information to that client.

          Reply
  197. Adam

    A paternity test is about to be carried out on Mr. A (Father) and 1-6 (Children)
    Their mother had an affair with Mr. A grown up son (Mr. B her step-son) for many years
    If she had a Child or 2 for Mr. B during that time,
    And the test is down between Mr. A and the 1-6 Children
    Will the result be 99.998% for the child/children that belong to Mr. B?
    Should we inform the lab that the mother had an affair with Mr. B her step-son?
    or will DNA single out the child/children belonging to Mr. B
    Please i need a detailed Responds.
    Thanks

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Adam. Hi, Sam. You definitely need to tell the lab ahead of time of the possibility that the step-son of the man being tested may be the father of one or more of the children. That way, the lab can take this information into account when doing its analysis and test additional genetic markers too, if necessary.

      Reply
      • Adam

        Thanks For your quick reply,
        The paternity test is been order by the court and the Lawyer said we cant give the Lab leads.
        And the result will be addressed to the court.
        Assuming the Lab has no ideal that the mother had an affair with her step son and the test is done, WILL THE RESULT STILL SAYS 99.99%?

        Reply
        • DDC

          This is a real dilemma. I understand the lawyer’s point of view, but it sounds as if the lawyer may not understand the science. It really is important to let the lab know of the possibility of another father who is closely related to the man being tested. It most likely will be 99.9% or higher if the man tested actually is the biological father. But remember, that 99.99% probability of paternity is obtained when comparing the man tested to a random, unrelated male. If the man tested is definitely not the father, then the result will be an exclusion…whether or not the child might be the stepson’s is a non-factor in an exclusion.

          Reply
  198. Aerial

    Hello,
    My daughter will be turning 7 years old in March, in 2015 (she was 2) we had a dna test done via child support division. Here is my concern only one/two of the alleged father’s were tested, this has bothered me for years. Due to her resembling much of the man that was NOT tested.
    What are the odds that she could still possibly be his?!
    Combined paternity index: 391,967,139
    probability of paternity: 99.9999997%

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Aerial. The chances of the other man being the biological father are one in 391,967,139. That’s over 300 million to 1. Those are very telling numbers. I caution you against putting too much emphasis on physical appearance…saying someone “resembles” another possible father more is very subjective.

      Reply
  199. John

    As I was taught basic genetics in school, every chromosome would have to match to be 100 percent “The Father”, but if even just ONE DID NOT MATCH, then there is ZERO percent chance of being “The Father”. You conclusions seem to be the opposite of what we learned in college – 16 markers and its 99 percent, but yet there are thousands of markers outside the 16 you test for. I don’t get it.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, John. You’re confusing probability of paternity percentage with the percentage of markers that need to match in order for a man to be considered the biological father. Those are two very different things.
      (1) You’re correct that there needs to be 100% matches across the board between a child and the man tested in order for that man to be considered the biological father. The exception to that rule is cases of genetic mutation. In those cases, up to 2 mismatches may occur in the basic battery of 20 loci tested, but mutations are taken into account during analysis and, depending on the data, a man may still be considered the biological father.
      (2) 99.9% in an inclusion (IS the father) does not refer to the number of loci that match. Rather, it is the percentage of probability that the man tested is the father, based on the data. It’s obtained through statistical calculations when measured against an unrelated, untested man with the same racial background. Genetic relationship testing is all about statistics. Because it’s impossible to also test every man in the world with the same racial background as the man tested, a probability of paternity can never be 100%. The highest it can ever be is 99.9%+.
      Thanks for your questions. I hope this answer is helpful!
      P.S. There is no need to test thousands more markers or the entire genome to prove relationship. The 20 markers we test (plus the sex gene) are plenty to determine a father/child relationship.

      Reply
  200. ray

    I was wondering the odds of missing one marker is it like 1 out of 1,000 test done you have a father that missed one marker?
    I missed 3 markers on the test so i was wondering the odds i could still be the father?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ray. Unless there is a genetic mutation, there must be a match at all markers in order for the man tested to be considered the biological father of the child tested. In many cases, there is only one mismatch yet the man is not considered to be the father. Because 99.9% of our DNA is identical as humans, it’s not unusual at all to have genetic matches with people we are not related to.

      Reply
      • ray

        yes i understand i would like to know the frequency of genetic mutations.
        Like 1 out of 100 test done. One out of a million test found ?

        Reply
        • DDC

          Oh OK. It depends on the locus…some have more frequency of mutation than others. The chances of mutation range from 1 in 100 to 1 in 1,000 or more for any given locus. The average rate of mutation for paternity-test loci as an aggregate is 1 in 500. As for the number of tests that involve a mutation, it’s about 1-2%. Keep in mind that when mutations are found, that data is taken into account when performing the analysis.

          Reply
  201. Courtney

    How long does it usually take for the half sibling test also testing mother of one of them?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Courtney. A half-sibling test generally takes 5 business days.

      Reply
  202. Courtney

    How accurate is it when one of the mothers test as well?

    Reply
    • DDC

      I assume you want to know if you share a common biological father? In these cases, it’s best if both mothers can participate since it optimizes the chances of getting the most conclusive results possible. If only one mother is willing to test, that’s still better than none!

      Reply
  203. Courtney

    Yes, I want to know if they have the same father. I just shipped our test in and wasn’t informed both mothers needed to test when I spoke with someone on the phone or I could have tested her as well. I hope it doesn’t affect our results.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Oh, that’s surprising, because our case specialists usually do ask for both, as part of their list of customer questions for a sibling test. No worries! If the lab believes conclusiveness can be enhanced by adding the second mother, they’ll request her samples as well. If not, then her participation wouldn’t have made a significant difference.

      Reply
  204. Courtney

    Well now I’ll just be stressed out over it until we get results. Lol

    Reply
    • DDC

      Aw. No worries. PROMISE! 🙂

      Reply
  205. Mz

    Does stds or diseases of any kind affect the test results?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Mz. No, they don’t.

      Reply
  206. Ben

    I recently completed a DNA Test with a man I assumed would possibly be my father. We mismatched at 5 different loci’s which would be D3S1358 , D13S317, D19S433, D18S51 and Penta E. At these specific loci’s we were either one number higher or one number lower. Is there a possibility that there may have been genetic mutations at these loci’s?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Ben. If you were tested at an accredited lab, any genetic mutation would have been taken into consideration during the analysis. With five mismatches, a conclusion of exclusion would be expected.

      Reply
  207. neverknowme

    Asking this question for a friend, so if the mother of the child and the possible father are third cousins would this not cause the tests to be indecisive. They tested the birth mother, the child in question and the mother of the possible father. Both the mother of the child and the third cousin carry some of the same genes?

    Reply
    • DDC

      They don’t share enough genes to make a difference in the outcome of a paternity test. 3rd cousins don’t even share 1% of the same variable DNA.

      Reply
  208. Buggedi

    Is this information the same for maternity tests?
    Could it be possible that a mother’s sister is tested 99.99993% being the probably bioligic mother?
    Or could it be possible to exclude any related person like a sister, aunt or a female family member with the same DNA heritage or not?
    If the child tested and the alleged mother were to have the same father, would the results expect differences?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Buggedi. Yes, maternity tests work a lot like paternity tests. A mother’s sister could get an inclusion when she’s not the biological mother if the lab is not notified ahead of time of this possibility. I’m not quite sure I understand your last question.

      Reply
  209. Rlyn

    We had a test done on 2011, however I lost the original, can I still request a copy?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Rlyn. For security reasons, we keep legal test reports on file for 5 years, and at-home test reports on file for 1 year. After that, they are destroyed. Sorry about that!

      Reply
  210. Tracey

    Hi if a paternity test was done in a local child support office, how long do it take for results? They use DDC

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Tracey. It takes us about 2 business days to perform testing and issue a report. How quickly they deliver results is entirely up to the child support office.

      Reply
  211. Robert

    Can giving a baby a bottle 5 minutes before the test affect the test results?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Robert. This won’t affect the result of the DNA test itself, but it could affect the quality of the sample, making it impossible to extract enough DNA for testing.

      Reply
  212. Hb

    If I am the father, can I call and get the results mailed? Is there a fee?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Hb. The answer depends on your unique situation. Please contact us directly at 800-831-1906 (M-F, 8:30 am to 5:30 pm Eastern Time).

      Reply
  213. Trish

    How long does it normally take to get results? We took the test Monday.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Trish. The overall time frame depends on the method chosen for sending samples back to the lab. Once samples arrive and testing begins, results are ready in 1-2 business days.

      Reply
  214. Tati

    Hi, I recently did half sibling testing. There are three of us we all have different moms but allegedly the same father. My mother was tested and another mom was tested also. The alleged father is deceased. It came back that I’m half siblings with her and him but the two of them are unrelated. I came back 99.99 her half sibling and 96 percent his half sibling. But the two of them came back unrelated at .0108:1 ratio.. how is that so. I’m confused and we went into the lab for testing we didn’t do home testing.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Tati. Without all the reports and data in front of me, I really can’t offer any reasons. I suggest you contact the lab where you tested and ask for assistance with understanding results.

      Reply
  215. Brittany

    Hi, my daughters father sent in our at-home test weeks ago and he hasn’t told me if he’s gotten them back yet & he’s been too busy to reply to me lately so is there a way I could get the results emailed to me?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Brittany. You’ll need to contact us directly at 800-831-1906 (M-F, 8:30 am to 5:30 pm Eastern).

      Reply
  216. Amanda

    Hello. A relationship test was completed because the alleged father passed away before the birth of the baby. The mother, the child, the uncle, and the grandmother were tested. The relationship probability is 4.5%. After receiving the results, the grandmother indicated that the uncle (brother of deceased) is possibly a half brother, not full. Would not disclosing that before completing the tests alter the probability of being related, if not, is it impossible that the alleged father (deceased) could be the father?
    The document says it was processed by DDC so I believe it was done through your lab. We are in the process of obtaining a court order to have an actual paternity test completed using the sample from the coroner. Is that even worth the try it is is very unlikely to be a match?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Amanda. A 4.5% probability of relationship is considered an exclusion. Seeing as the grandmother was also tested, it probably wouldn’t make much difference in the results if the uncle was a half brother instead of a full one. You are welcome to do a paternity test with a coroner’s sample if that will provide you with greater peace of mind, but you can expect the result to also be an exclusion.

      Reply
  217. elisabeth

    Hi,
    after collecting samples for non invasive prenatal paternity test we got a phone call and were ask if alleged father had a bone transplant or if he and the second man may be related… Answer was “no” to both of those questions. We were asked to repeat the collection of samples. We did that and got test result saying that alleged father is excluded and probability of paternity is 0.00%. Is there ANY chance the results may be wrong?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Elisabeth. I cannot vouch for other companies’ tests, but if you tested with DDC, you can be sure the results are correct for the samples we were provided to test.

      Reply
  218. Angelia

    There was a DNA test done on a grandfather and a granddaughter and the results came back 1,588 but no percentage is it possible that this could be his son child

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Angelia. Without having complete data and the exact wording of the report in front of me, I cannot offer an answer. Sorry! You’re welcome to contact the lab where the test was performed directly and they can help you understand results.

      Reply
  219. Angelia

    Let me explain More the test was done with the grandfather and a granddaughter we received the results but what I am trying to ask is on the results where the Combined Paternity Index reads 1,588 and they do not have the Probability of Paternity results are no on the test results, could this be a possible that this child could not be his son child

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Angelia. Every paternity-test report should have a probability of paternity in addition to the CPI. I would call the lab where you tested and ask questions. By the way, a grandparent test is not the same as a paternity test…the grandfather and granddaughter should retest with a grandparent test.

      Reply
      • Angelia

        It was a grandparent test

        Reply
  220. Sai

    Hello,
    My Son will be turning 7 years old in March, in 2020 (she was 4) we had a dna test done. Here is my concern only one/two of the alleged father’s were tested, this has bothered me for years. Due to her resembling much of the man that was NOT tested.
    What are the odds that he could still possibly be his?!
    Combined paternity index: 38,164,564,715
    probability of paternity: >99.99999999%

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sai. Those odds are teeny tiny. You could read these results this way, to put it in perspective: The odds of another man being the biological father of the child are 38,164,564,715 to 1.

      Reply
      • AnnG

        How many working days from the lab testing day does results via post come in? For Paternity home kit testing. father and child only.

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Ann. Once samples are at the lab and testing begins, the report is posted to a secure online account in 1-2 business days.

          Reply
  221. Jamie

    I only received a screenshot of my daughters test results from her father. The match ups on the left side are “234,781” but states probability of paternity “0.0”. I don’t trust that this picture sent to me was not altered. How could the probability be “0.0” if there are 234,781 matches? Thank you for your time.

    Reply
    • DDC

      From what you describe, the report has been tampered with.

      Reply
  222. Bee

    What does it mean when it says the likelihood that the alleged relative is not the biological father. It said the probability of relatedness id 0.02%.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Bee. I would ask questions from the lab where you tested. For paternity testing, results are generally given as 99.9%+ or 0% probability.

      Reply
  223. Jalil

    Ok my test came back 99.999999999996 am I the father

    Reply
    • DDC

      Jalil, you are considered the biological father with a 99.9%+ probability. Those are conclusive results, yes.

      Reply
  224. Stacy

    I am the mom of fraternal twin girls. We DNA tested the bio dad. He is 99.999% the father to both. One is combined index of 2,838,850 and the other is 3,126,077. They want to know if there is a way, from their results, to know if one has more genetic traits with bio dad than the other.

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Stacy. This type of test uses non-coding DNA only, which is unrelated to traits.

      Reply
  225. Ssemakula

    How much is an individual paternity test?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi! We do not list pricing in blog comments, since pricing could eventually change over time. For details about pricing, call us at 800-681-7162 (M-F, 8 AM to 8 PM Eastern) if you are in the U.S.A, or email contact@dnacenter.com if you live outside the U.S.

      Reply
  226. Sanofa

    My test came back 0% probability but what does the missing numbers in the alleged father’s column means?

    Reply
    • DDC

      Hi, Sanofa. There are two numbers (alleles) for each participant at each genetic location. For example: 11, 12. If the alleles are the same for a participant at a genetic location (for example: 11,11), then the report only shows the number once, as a single 11. This doesn’t just happen with an alleged father’s data, as it did in your case; it can happen with any test participant.

      Reply
      • Lana

        I had a test done a while ago, in lab, for both my daughters. On one results page, they had tested 16 markers, but for my other daughter, they tested 18. Why were more markers tested for one than the other? This has made me concerned

        Reply
        • DDC

          Hi, Lana. Chances are good that the lab just needed to test a few additional markers for daughter #2 in order to obtain conclusive results. This is not an unusual practice at all.

          Reply

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